Caribbean Community

The Caribbean Community (CARICOM or CC) is an intergovernmental organization that is a political and economic union of 15 member states (14 nation-states and one dependency) throughout the Caribbean having primary objectives to promote economic integration and cooperation among its members, to ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared, and to coordinate foreign policy.[10] The organisation was established in 1973 with the signing of the Treaty of Chaguaramas by its four founding members. Its major activities involve coordinating economic policies and development planning; devising and instituting special projects for the less-developed countries within its jurisdiction; operating as a regional single market for many of its members (Caricom Single Market); and handling regional trade disputes. The secretariat headquarters is in Georgetown, Guyana. CARICOM is an official United Nations Observer beneficiary.[11]

Caribbean Community
Flag
Anthem: "Celebrating CARICOM"[1]
  Full members
  Associate members
  Observers
Seat of SecretariatGeorgetown, Guyana
Largest cityPort-au-Prince, Haiti
Official languagesDutch, English, French, Spanish[2][3]
Working languageEnglish[3]
Other languages
Ethnic groups In full member states:
TypeSupranational union
Member states
GovernmentIntergovernmental
Carla Barnett
 Chairman
Chan Santokhi[6]
Establishment
4 July 1973
 Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas
2001
Area
 Total
458,480 km2 (177,020 sq mi)
Population
 2019 estimate
18,482,141 (in full member states)[7]
239,251,864[7] (in all states)
 Density
40.3/km2 (104.4/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
 Total
$145.3 billion[8]
 Per capita
$18,289
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
 Total
$81.987 billion
 Per capita
$12,608
HDI (2018) 0.730[9]
high
Currency

CARICOM was established by the English-speaking parts of the Caribbean, and currently includes all the independent anglophone island countries plus Belize, Guyana and Montserrat, as well as all other British Caribbean territories and Bermuda as associate members. English was its sole working language into the 1990s. The organization became multilingual with the addition of Dutch-speaking Suriname in 1995 and the French- and Haitian Creole-speaking Haiti in 2002. Furthermore, it added Spanish as the fourth official language in 2003.[2] In July 2012, CARICOM announced that they were considering making French and Dutch official languages.[12] In 2001, the heads of government signed a revised Treaty of Chaguaramas that cleared the way to transform the idea of a common market CARICOM into a Caribbean (CARICOM) Single Market and Economy. Part of the revised treaty establishes and implements the Caribbean Court of Justice.


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