Caribbean Netherlands

The Caribbean Netherlands[9][10] (Dutch: Caribisch Nederland, pronounced [kaːˌribis ˈneːdərlɑnt]) are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean Sea. They consist of the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba,[11][nb 1] although the term "Caribbean Netherlands" is sometimes used to refer to all of the islands in the Dutch Caribbean. In legislation, the three islands are also known as Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba or the BES islands (an acronym of their names). The islands are currently classified as public bodies in the Netherlands and as overseas countries and territories of the European Union; thus, EU law does not automatically apply.

Caribbean Netherlands
Caribisch Nederland  (Dutch)
Overseas region of the Netherlands
Location of the Caribbean Netherlands (green and circled). From left to right: Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius
CountryNetherlands
Special municipalities
Incorporated into the Netherlands10 October 2010 (dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles)
Largest cityKralendijk
Official languagesDutch
Recognised regional languages
Government
 National Rep.
Jan Helmond
Area
 Total
322[3] km2 (124 sq mi)
Highest elevation887 m (2,910 ft)
Population
 2020 estimate
25,987[4]
 Density
77/km2 (199.4/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)estimate
 Total
US$583,000,000[5]
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Calling code+599 (Telephone numbers in the Caribbean Netherlands)
ISO 3166 codeBQ, NL-BQ1, NL-BQ2, NL-BQ3
CurrencyUnited States dollar ($) (USD)[6]
Internet TLD

Bonaire (including the islet of Klein Bonaire) is one of the Leeward Antilles and is located close to the coast of Venezuela. Sint Eustatius and Saba are in the main Lesser Antilles group and are located south of Sint Maarten and northwest of Saint Kitts and Nevis. The Caribbean Netherlands has a population of 25,157 as of January 2019.[3]