Carl Friedrich Gauss

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (/ɡs/; German: Gauß [kaʁl ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈɡaʊs] (listen);[1][2] Latin: Carolus Fridericus Gauss; 30 April 1777  23 February 1855) was a German mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to many fields in mathematics and science.[3] Sometimes referred to as the Princeps mathematicorum[4] (Latin for '"the foremost of mathematicians"') and "the greatest mathematician since antiquity", Gauss had an exceptional influence in many fields of mathematics and science, and is ranked among history's most influential mathematicians.[5]

Carl Friedrich Gauss
Portrait of Gauss by Christian Albrecht Jensen (1840)
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss

(1777-04-30)30 April 1777
Died23 February 1855(1855-02-23) (aged 77)
Alma mater
Known forSee full list
Johanna Osthoff
(m. 18051809)

Minna Waldeck
(m. 18101831)
  • Joseph
  • Wilhelmina
  • Louis
  • Eugene
  • Wilhelm
  • Therese
AwardsLalande Prize (1809)
Copley Medal (1838)
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics and sciences
InstitutionsUniversity of Göttingen
ThesisDemonstratio nova... (1799)
Doctoral advisorJohann Friedrich Pfaff
Other academic advisorsJohann Christian Martin Bartels
Doctoral students
Other notable students
InfluencedFerdinand Minding