Castel Gandolfo

Castel Gandolfo (UK: /ˌkæstɛl ɡænˈdɒlf/,[4] US: /kɑːˌstɛl ɡɑːnˈdlf, -ˈdɔːl-/,[5][6] Italian: [kaˈstɛl ɡanˈdolfo]; Latin: Castrum Gandulphi), colloquially just Castello in the Castelli Romani dialects, is a town located 25 kilometres (16 mi) southeast of Rome in the Lazio region of Italy.[7] Occupying a height on the Alban Hills overlooking Lake Albano, Castel Gandolfo has a population of approximately 8,900 residents and is considered one of Italy's most scenic towns.[8]

Castel Gandolfo
Città di Castel Gandolfo
The town of Castel Gandolfo overlooking Lake Albano
Location of Castel Gandolfo
Castel Gandolfo
Location of Castel Gandolfo in Italy
Castel Gandolfo
Castel Gandolfo (Lazio)
Coordinates: 41°44′49″N 12°39′07″E
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
Metropolitan cityRome
FrazioniMole di Castel Gandolfo, Pavona
Government
  MayorMilvia Monachesi[1]
Area
  Total14.19 km2 (5.48 sq mi)
Elevation
426 m (1,398 ft)
Population
 (31 May 2017)[3]
  Total8,940
Demonym(s)Castellani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
00040
Dialing code06
Patron saintSt. Sebastian (San Sebastiano)
Saint dayJanuary 20
WebsiteOfficial website

Within the town's boundaries lies the Apostolic Palace of Castel Gandolfo which served as a summer residence and vacation retreat for the pope, the leader of the Catholic Church. Although the palace is located within the borders of Castel Gandolfo, it has extraterritorial status as one of the properties of the Holy See and is not under Italian jurisdiction. It is now open as a museum.[1]

The resort community includes almost the whole coastline of Lake Albano which is surrounded by many summer residences, villas, and cottages built during the 17th century. It houses the Stadio Olimpico that staged the rowing events during the Rome Olympics.

Castel Gandolfo has several places of archaeological interest including the Emissario del Lago Albano and the remains of the Villa of Domitian. The area is included within the boundaries of the Parco Regionale dei Castelli Romani (Regional Park of Castelli Romani). There are also many points of artistic interest, such as the Collegiate Church of St. Thomas of Villanova, designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.