Central Hungary


Central Hungary (Hungarian: Közép-Magyarország) is one of the seven statistical regions in Hungary (NUTS 1 and NUTS 2). It includes Budapest (the capital of the region) and Pest County.

Central Hungary

Közép-Magyarország
Region
Country Hungary
Capital cityBudapest
Area
  Total6,919 km2 (2,671 sq mi)
Population
  Total2,897,317
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
NUTS codeHU1, HU10
HDI (2019)0.932[1]
very high · 1st
Location of Central Hungary region within Hungary

Administration


Central Hungary's subregions (population figures from the Hungarian Central Statistical Office as of 2009)

Budapest

SubregionSeatAreaPopulationNumber of
settlements
BudapestBudapest525.16 km2 (202.77 sq mi)1,712,2101

Pest County

SubregionSeatAreaPopulationNumber of
settlements
AszódAszód241.41 km2 (93.21 sq mi)35,4519
BudaörsBudaörs240.36 km2 (92.80 sq mi)85,11510
CeglédCegléd1,234.00 km2 (476.45 sq mi)121,14915
DabasDabas498.68 km2 (192.54 sq mi)44,18310
DunakesziDunakeszi125.17 km2 (48.33 sq mi)79,1234
ÉrdÉrd117.95 km2 (45.54 sq mi)99,5364
GödöllőGödöllő380.88 km2 (147.06 sq mi)104,47112
GyálGyál286.54 km2 (110.63 sq mi)45,9445
MonorMonor449.62 km2 (173.60 sq mi)110,28715
NagykátaNagykáta711.85 km2 (274.85 sq mi)76,90916
PilisvörösvárPilisvörösvár245.44 km2 (94.76 sq mi)66,70214
RáckeveRáckeve628.33 km2 (242.60 sq mi)141,75620
SzentendreSzentendre326.58 km2 (126.09 sq mi)77,67613
SzobSzob314.73 km2 (121.52 sq mi)12,60513
VácVác431.81 km2 (166.72 sq mi)70,55819
VeresegyházVeresegyház159.79 km2 (61.70 sq mi)36,7938

Demography


  • Total population 2,925,500 (2009)
    • 14% aged 0–14 years
    • 69% aged 15–64 years
    • 17% aged 65 and over [2]

Economy


Central Hungary is the richest and most developed region of the country. The unemployment rate stood at 2.7% in 2017 and was much lower than the national and the european average.[3]

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
unemployment rate
(in %)
5.1% 4.8% 4.5% 6.5% 8.9% 9.0% 9.5% 8.7% 6.2% 5.3% 3.8% 2.7%

Tourism


Central Hungary is part of the Budapest Central Transdanubia Tourist Region.

Budapest

In 1987 a World Heritage Site was declared which includes Buda Castle, the Danube Riverbank, the Andrássy Avenue and its historic surroundings, the Millennium Underground Railway and Heroes' Square.

Other important landmarks in Buda are the Gellért Hill and the tomb of Gül Baba and Rudas Baths built during the Ottoman rule of Hungary, ruins of Old Buda, the Coliseum in Nagyszombat Street and the ruins of Aquincum. In the Buda Hills are the Chairlift, the Children's railway and caves with stalagmites and stalactites.

The most important landmarks in Pest are the Hungarian Parliament Building, the St. Stephen's Basilica, the Inner City Parish Church, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the Vigadó Concert Hall, the Hungarian National Museum, the New York Palace on the Small Boulevard, the Dohány Street Synagogue, the Grand Boulevard, and the Museum of Applied Arts.

Other important displays are at the Museum of Fine Arts, the Hungarian National Gallery, the Ethnographic Museum, the Budapest History Museum and Statue Park.

Important landmarks are Budapest's oldest bridges, such as the Széchenyi Chain Bridge, the Margaret Bridge, the Liberty Bridge. The biggest parks are very popular, especially the City Park with Vajdahunyad Castle, the Széchenyi thermal bath, the Budapest Zoo and Botanical Garden and the Margaret Island. Budapest is world-famous for its hot spas too.

Budapest holds many perennial events, for example Budapest Fair, Fireworks and Budapest Parade.

Pest County

Places of interest in Pest County are Gödöllő (Royal Castle and Arboretum), Ráckeve (Serbian cathedral and Savoya Castle), Szentendre (Baroque town square, Margit Kovács Museum, Ethnographic Open Air Museum), Vác (cathedral, triumphal arch) and Visegrád (Visegrád Castle).

Other landmarks are the church (built in the Middle Ages) in Zsámbék, the Reformed church of the Holy Roman Empire, the church in Fót in the Romantic style, Apaj plain, ancient juniper fields in Tatárszentgyörgy, equestrianism in Pusztavacs, Attila Rise in Tápiószentmárton, the arboretum in Vácrátót and the bear sanctuary in Veresegyház.

The Pilis Mountains offer plenty of opportunities for hiking. There are also the Visegrád Hills, Ördögmalom waterfall, Gödöllő National Park and Ócsa National Park.

See also


References