Cerium(IV) sulfate


Cerium(IV) sulfate, also called ceric sulfate, is an inorganic compound. It exists as the anhydrous salt Ce(SO4)2 as well as a few hydrated forms: Ce(SO4)2(H2O)x, with x equal to 4, 8, or 12. These salts are yellow to yellow/orange solids that are moderately soluble in water and dilute acids. Its neutral solutions slowly decompose, depositing the light yellow oxide CeO2. Solutions of ceric sulfate have a strong yellow color. The tetrahydrate loses water when heated to 180-200 °C.

Cerium(IV) sulfate
Names
Other names
Ceric sulfate
Identifiers
  • 13590-82-4 Y
  • 10294-42-5 (tetrahydrate) Y
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.648
UNII
  • InChI=1S/Ce.2H2O4S/c;2*1-5(2,3)4/h;2*(H2,1,2,3,4)/q+4;;/p-4 N
    Key: VZDYWEUILIUIDF-UHFFFAOYSA-J N
  • InChI=1/Ce.2H2O4S/c;2*1-5(2,3)4/h;2*(H2,1,2,3,4)/q+4;;/p-4
    Key: VZDYWEUILIUIDF-XBHQNQODAK
  • [Ce+4].[O-]S(=O)(=O)[O-].[O-]S([O-])(=O)=O
Properties
Ce(SO4)2
Molar mass 332.24 g/mol (anhydrous)
404.304 (tetrahydrate)
Appearance Yellow solid (anhydrous)
yellow-orange crystals (tetrahydrate)
Density 3.91 g/cm3 (tetrahydrate)
Melting point 350 °C (662 °F; 623 K) (decomposes)
Boiling point N/A
Soluble in small amounts, hydrolyzes in large amounts of water
21.4 g/100 mL (0 °C)
9.84 g/100 mL (20 °C)
3.87 g/100 mL (60 °C)[1]
Solubility soluble in dilute sulfuric acid
+37.0·10−6 cm3/mol
Structure
orthorhombic
Hazards
Main hazards Oxidizer
Safety data sheet External MSDS
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YN ?)
Infobox references

It is insoluble in glacial acetic acid and pure (96%) ethanol.

It was historically produced by direct reaction of fine, calcined cerium (IV) oxide and concentrated sulfuric acid, yielding the tetrahydrate.

Uses


The ceric ion is a strong oxidizer, especially under acidic conditions. If ceric sulfate is added to dilute hydrochloric acid, then elemental chlorine is formed, albeit slowly. With stronger reducing agents it reacts much faster. For example, with sulfite in acidic environments it reacts quickly and completely.

When ceric compounds are reduced, so-called cerous compounds are formed. The reaction taking place is:

Ce4+ + e → Ce3+

The cerous ion is colorless.

Ceric sulfate is used in analytical chemistry for redox titration, often together with a redox indicator.

A related compound is ceric ammonium sulfate.[2]

The solubility of Ce(IV) in methanesulfonic acid is approximately 10 times the value obtainable in acidic sulfate solutions.[3]

References


  1. Lide, David R., ed. (2006). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87th ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0487-3.
  2. Mariappan Periasamy, Ukkiramapandian Radhakrishnan "Cerium(IV) Ammonium Sulfate" Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, 2001, John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rc040
  3. Kreh, Robert P. (1989). "Mediated electrochemical synthesis of aromatic aldehydes, ketones, and quinones using ceric methanesulfonate". The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 54 (7): 1526–1531. doi:10.1021/jo00268a010.