Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (Bengali: শ্রীকৃষ্ণ চৈতন্য মহাপ্রভু pronounced [sri.ˈt͡ʃɔiˌt̪ɔnːo mɔɦaˑprob̤u] IAST: Śrī Kŕśńà Caitanya Mahāprabhu Sanskrit pronunciation: [ɕriː t͡ɕɐit̪ɐnjɐ mɐɦaːprɐb̤u] a.k.a. Mahāprabhu or "Great Lord") was a 15th century Indian saint and the combined avatar of Radha and Krishna. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's mode of worshipping Krishna with ecstatic song and dance had a profound effect on Vaishnavism in Bengal. He was also the chief proponent of the Vedantic philosophy of Achintya Bheda Abheda Tattva. Mahaprabhu founded Gaudiya Vaishnavism (a.k.a. Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya Sampradaya). He expounded Bhakti yoga and popularized the chanting of the Hare Krishna Maha-mantra.[1] He composed the Shikshashtakam (eight devotional prayers).[2][3]

Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannath, painting from 1900
Personal
Born
Vishvambhar Mishra

(1486-02-18)18 February 1486
Nabadwip, Bengal Sultanate (present-day West Bengal, India)
Died14 June 1534(1534-06-14) (aged 48)
Puri, Gajapati Kingdom (present day Odisha, India)
ReligionHinduism
SpouseLakshmi Priya (first wife) and Vishnupriya
Parents
  • Jagannath Mishra (father)
  • Sachi Devi (mother)
Known forExpounded Gaudiya Vaishnavism, kirtan
Founder ofGaudiya Vaishnavism
Achintya Bheda Abheda
PhilosophyBhakti yoga, Achintya Bheda Abheda
Religious career
GuruSwami Isvara Puri (mantra guru); Swami Kesava Bharati (sannyas guru)
Literary worksShikshashtakam

He is sometimes called Gauranga or Gaura due to his molten gold like complexion.[4] His birthday is celebrated as Gaura-purnima.[5][6] He is also called Nimai due to him being born underneath a Neem tree.[7]