A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer, usually using horses[note 1] to provide rapid motive power. The oldest known chariots have been found in burials of the Sintashta culture in modern-day Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, dated to c. 2000 BC.[1] The critical invention that allowed the construction of light, horse-drawn chariots was the spoked wheel.

Reconstructed Roman chariot drawn by horses.
Approximate historical map of the spread of the spoke-wheeled chariot, 2000–500 BC.

The chariot was a fast, light, open, two-wheeled conveyance drawn by two or more horses that were hitched side by side, and was little more than a floor with a waist-high guard at the front and sides. It was initially used for ancient warfare during the Bronze and Iron Ages; but, after its military capabilities had been superseded by light and heavy cavalries, as military tactics evolved over time. However, chariots continued to be used for travel and transport, in processions, for games, and in races.