Charles Edward Stuart

Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart (20 December 1720 – 30 January 1788) was the elder son of James Francis Edward Stuart, grandson of James II and VII, and the Stuart claimant to the throne of Great Britain after 1766 as "Charles III". During his lifetime, he was also known as "the Young Pretender" and "the Young Chevalier"; in popular memory, he is "Bonnie Prince Charlie". He is best remembered for his role in the 1745 rising; his defeat at Culloden in April 1746 effectively ended the Stuart cause, and subsequent attempts failed to materialise, such as a planned French invasion in 1759.[2] His escape from Scotland after the uprising led to his portrayal as a romantic figure of heroic failure.[3]

Charles Edward Stuart
"Charles III"
Charles Edward Stuart by Allan Ramsay, painted at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh, late autumn 1745; found in the collection of the Earl of Wemyss, Gosford House, now in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery
Jacobite Pretender
Pretendence1 January 1766 – 30 January 1788
Predecessor"James III and VIII"
Successor"Henry IX and I"
Born(1720-12-31)31 December 1720
Palazzo Muti, Rome, Papal States
Died30 January 1788(1788-01-30) (aged 67)
Palazzo Muti, Rome, Papal States
St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
(m. 1772; separated 1780)
IssueCharlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany (illegitimate)
Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Severino Maria Stuart[1]
FatherJames Francis Edward Stuart
MotherMaria Clementina Sobieska
ReligionRoman Catholicism