Cheltenham (UK Parliament constituency)
Cheltenham (//) is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
for the House of Commons
|Population||104,867 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||77,937 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Alex Chalk (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
Boundaries & boundary changes
1918–1950: The Borough of Cheltenham and the Urban District of Charlton Kings.
1950–1983: As 1918 but with redrawn boundaries.
1983–1997: The Borough of Cheltenham, and the Borough of Tewkesbury wards of Leckhampton with Up Hatherley, Prestbury St Mary's, and Prestbury St Nicolas.
Leckhampton, Up Hatherley and Prestbury were added to the seat from the Cirencester and Tewkesbury constituency; they had previously been in the abolished Cheltenham Rural District.
1997–2010: The Borough of Cheltenham wards of All Saints, Charlton Kings, College, Hatherley and The Reddings, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Park, Pittville, St Mark's, St Paul's, and St Peter's.
Leckhampton, Up Hatherley and Prestbury were transferred to the new Tewkesbury constituency; they had been incorporated into the redrawn Borough of Cheltenham in 1991.
2010–present: The Borough of Cheltenham wards of All Saints, Battledown, Benhall and The Reddings, Charlton Kings, Charlton Park, College, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Leckhampton, Oakley, Park, Pittville, St Mark's, St Paul's, St Peter's, Springbank, Up Hatherley, and Warden Hill.
Leckhampton and Up Hatherley were transferred back to this seat from the Tewkesbury seat.
Famous for its racecourse which hosts the annual Cheltenham Gold Cup in March, with a long-established girls' school and right at the edge of the Cotswold Hills, Cheltenham has a large tourism sector. GE Aviation is a large employer and GCHQ, the government communications centre, is here, so numbers of highly skilled workers and professionals (47.5% in the year ended September 2014) are well above the national average (44.6%). One of the West of England's most upmarket towns, the few neighbourhoods of medium levels in the Index of Multiple Deprivation are almost wholly in Hester's Way ward which has the most social housing. About 10%  of the electorate are students at the University of Gloucestershire just outside the compact town centre. A Liberal Democrat served the seat from 1992 when their candidate Nigel Jones overturned four decades of Conservative MPs to 2015 when the Tories regained the seat.
Cheltenham borough constituency was created in the Great Reform Act of 1832 and has returned nine Liberals (or Liberal Democrats) and nine Conservatives to Parliament since that time, along with one independent.
A Conservative served the constituency from 1950 until 1992. The Conservatives' campaign in the 1992 general election following the Poll Tax riots saw a local party member make racist remarks about their own candidate, John Taylor, who was of Afro-Caribbean descent. Taylor lost the election to Nigel Jones of the Liberal Democrats.
In 2000, Jones was nearly murdered in a horrific incident at one of his MP's surgeries; a man attacked him and an assistant with a samurai sword. His colleague, Andrew Pennington, was killed in the attack. Jones was made a life peer in 2005. The Liberal Democrats held Cheltenham in the 2005 election when Martin Horwood won the election, and again in 2010, but lost when the Conservatives retook the seat in 2015.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
In 2019, Cheltenham was one of five English constituencies, the others being Esher and Walton, Westmorland and Lonsdale, Winchester and East Devon, where Labour failed to obtain over 5% of the vote and lost their deposit.
|Liberal Democrats||Max Wilkinson||27,505||46.3||4.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||George Ridgeon||445||0.7||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Martin Horwood||24,046||42.2||8.2|
|Green||Adam Van Coevorden||943||1.7||3.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Martin Horwood||18,274||34.0||16.5|
|Green||Adam Van Coevorden||2,689||5.0||New|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrats||Swing||10.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Martin Horwood||26,659||50.5||11.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Hanks||493||0.9||New|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||4.3|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Martin Horwood||18,122||41.5||−6.2|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Hanks||525||1.2||0.0|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||−3.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Nigel Jones||19,970||47.7||−1.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Hanks||513||1.2||+0.4|
|ProLife Alliance||Anthony Gates||272||0.7||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||−0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Nigel Jones||24,877||49.5||+1.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Hanks||375||0.8||New|
|ProLife Alliance||Anne Harriss||245||0.5||New|
|Natural Law||Sally Brighouse||107||0.2||New|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||+4.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Nigel Jones||30,351||47.3||+5.0|
|Natural Law||Henry Brighouse||169||0.3||New|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.2|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Raymond Jacklin||342||0.7||New|
|Liberal||Frederick Carson Rodger||13,237||28.1||−3.2|
|Liberal||Frederick Carson Rodger||15,811||31.3||+12.8|
|Labour||Leslie George Godwin||14,213||31.3||−15.3|
|Liberal||A George Aldridge||8,431||18.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||W. John Wilson||19,768||46.6||+11.9|
|Liberal||James Anthony Lemkin||7,568||18.1||−1.4|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||21,997||51.0||−8.3|
|Labour||Kamalakant G. Pendse||12,725||29.5||−11.2|
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||24,259||59.3||+2.2|
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||23,674||57.1||+13.7|
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||18,009||43.4|
|Labour||A. G. James||13,027||31.4|
|Ind. Conservative||Daniel Lipson||10,449||25.2|
|Conservative gain from Ind. Conservative|
Election in the 1940s
|Ind. Conservative||Daniel Lipson||16,081||43.3||+3.2|
|Labour||Phyllis Maude Warner||11,095||29.9||+8.7|
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||9,972||26.8||−11.9|
|Ind. Conservative hold||Swing||+7.6|
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1930s
|Ind. Conservative||Daniel Lipson||10,533||40.1||New|
|Conservative||R. T. Harper||10,194||38.8||−31.7|
|Labour||Cyril C Poole||5,570||21.2||−8.3|
|Ind. Conservative gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||William Ramsey Piggott||4,920||17.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Independent Liberal||Richard Davies||6,317||39.7||New|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15:
A general election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the autumn of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election.
Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.5|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.6|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||Francis Shirley Russell||3,409||53.5||−1.9|
|Liberal||Wilfrid T Blaydes||2,940||46.1||+1.5|
|Independent Labour||Alton William Hillen||23||0.4||New|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||Russell Hugh Worthington Biggs||2,260||40.5||−3.0|
|Liberal||R. C. Lehmann||2,700||43.5||−6.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.7|
|Liberal||Charles de Ferrieres||2,318||50.2||+3.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.7|
Election in the 1870s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.5|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+0.9|
Elections in the 1850s
|Conservative||Edmund Gilling Hallewell||655||43.8||−2.7|
- Caused by Berkeley's appointment as a Commissioner of Customs.
- Caused by Berkeley's death.
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.3|
Elections in the 1840s
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.9|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.5|
|Conservative||Edmund Carrington Smith||4||0.2||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+6.7|
|Radical||Thomas Perronet Thompson||4||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1830s
|Radical||William Penn Gaskell||25||5.7||N/A|
|Whig win (new seat)|
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
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- Percentage change and swing for 1997 is calculated relative to the Rallings and Thrasher 1992 notional constituency result, not actual 1992 result. See C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
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- Percentage change and swing for 1983 is calculated relative to the BBC/ITN 1979 notional constituency result, not actual 1979 result. See British Broadcasting Corporation; Independent Television News. The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
- ‘LEMKIN, James Anthony’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 18 Oct 2017
- British parliamentary election results, 1918–1949 (Craig)
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|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 84–85. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
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