Chesham and Amersham (UK Parliament constituency)
Chesham and Amersham (/ ... /) is a parliamentary constituency located in the ceremonial county of Buckinghamshire in South East England. It is represented in the House of Commons by Sarah Green, a Liberal Democrat, who was elected in a by-election in June 2021.
|Chesham and Amersham|
for the House of Commons
|Population||92,635 (2011 UK Census)|
|Major settlements||Chesham and Amersham|
|Member of Parliament||Sarah Green (Liberal Democrats)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Buckinghamshire and Aylesbury|
Contents and regional context
The seat was created for the general election in February 1974. It comprises the southern part of the former Rural District of Amersham, including Amersham and the Chalfonts, previously part of the abolished constituency of South Buckinghamshire; and Chesham and the northern part of the former Rural District, transferred from Aylesbury.
Political history and demography
The local authority in Buckinghamshire Council and the seat coincides with the abolished Chiltern District. It includes the towns of Chesham and Amersham and outlying villages within the Metropolitan Green Belt. The area is connected with Central London by the Metropolitan Line of the London Underground, as well as the London to Aylesbury Line and the Chiltern Main Line, both operated by Chiltern Railways. The constituency is also close to the M40 motorway. It is home to many affluent professionals. The two main towns are the only part of London Underground network amid an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (see Chiltern Hills as to which).
General elections have seen a Conservative winning margin of between 10,416 (Feb 1974) and 23,920 (2015) votes since the seat was created. In every previous general election the Conservatives have won an absolute majority of the votes cast, and in every general election except two the Liberals, or subsequently Liberal Democrats, have come second, with results as high as 31.15 per cent of the votes cast. Labour came second only once, in 2017, when it achieved its best ever result of 20.6 per cent. UKIP came second in 2015, Labour in 2017 and the Liberal Democrats in 2019. The Liberal Democrat win in the 2021 Chesham and Amersham by-election was seen as an upset in a historically-safe Conservative seat, and party leader Sir Ed Davey tweeted that the result had "sent a shockwave through British politics".
In June 2016, an estimated 55 per cent of adults voting in the EU referendum in the constituency voted to remain in the European Union, compared with 48% in the UK as a whole. The estimated turnout of 83.6 per cent was the highest in any constituency in the UK, the only higher turnout in the referendum being in Gibraltar. In the 2019 EU Parliament elections more than 50 per cent voted for parties supporting continued UK membership of the EU, although the turnout was only 42.8 per cent. The pro-EU Liberal Democrats were the most popular party with 31.9 per cent, with the pro-Leave Brexit Party in second place on 30 per cent. Despite the seat's support for remaining in the EU, its pro-Brexit MP, Dame Cheryl Gillan, was re-elected with more than half the vote in both the general elections held since the referendum (in the case of 2017 with her highest vote share since her first election in 1992), albeit with slightly reduced majorities. Gillan died in office on 4 April 2021, and the seat was gained by the Liberal Democrats’ Sarah Green in the subsequent by-election on 17 June 2021 with a majority of 8,028 votes.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1983–1997: The District of Chiltern wards of Amersham Common, Amersham-on-the-Hill, Amersham Town, Asheridge Vale, Ashley Green and Latimer, Austenwood, Chalfont Common, Chalfont St Giles, Chalfont St Peter Central, Chartridge, Chenies, Chesham Bois and Weedon Hill, Cholesbury and The Lee, Coleshill and Penn Street, Gold Hill, Hilltop, Holmer Green, Little Chalfont, Little Missenden, Lowndes, Newtown, Penn, Pond Park, St Mary's, Seer Green and Jordans, Townsend, and Waterside, and the District of Wycombe wards of Hazlemere North and Hazlemere South.
1997–2010: All the wards of the District of Chiltern except the wards of Ballinger and South Heath, Great Missenden, and Prestwood and Heath End, and the District of Wycombe wards of Hazlemere Central, Hazlemere East and Hazlemere West.
2010–present: The District of Chiltern wards of Amersham Common, Amersham-on-the-Hill, Amersham Town, Asheridge Vale and Lowndes, Ashley Green, Latimer and Chenies, Austenwood, Ballinger, South Heath and Chartridge, Central, Chalfont Common, Chalfont St Giles, Chesham Bois and Weedon Hill, Cholesbury, The Lee and Bellingdon, Gold Hill, Great Missenden, Hilltop and Townsend, Holmer Green, Little Chalfont, Little Missenden, Newtown, Penn and Coleshill, Prestwood and Heath End, Ridgeway, St Mary's and Waterside, Seer Green, and Vale.
Great Missenden transferred back from Aylesbury and Hazlemere returned to Wycombe.
Members of Parliament
|1992||Dame Cheryl Gillan||Conservative|
|2021||Sarah Green||Liberal Democrats|
Elections in the 2020s
|Liberal Democrats||Sarah Green||21,517||56.7||+30.4|
|Reform UK||Alex Wilson||414||1.1||N/A|
|Breakthrough Party||Carla Gregory||197||0.5||N/A|
|Freedom Alliance||Adrian Oliver||134||0.4||N/A|
|Rejoin EU||Brendan Donnelly||101||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+25.2|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Dan Gallagher||14,627||26.3||+13.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Jones||7,179||13.0||+4.0|
|Green||Alan Booth||1,660||3.0||- 2.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Kirsten Johnson||4,761||9.0||-19.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Starkey||14,948||28.5||+2.3|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||John Ford||11,821||25.1||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||John Ford||10,985||24.3||+0.5|
|ProLife Alliance||Gillian Duval||453||1.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Michael Brand||12,439||23.8||-0.7|
|Natural Law||Hugh Godfrey||74||0.1||-0.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Andrew Ketteringham||14,053||24.5||-2.6|
|Natural Law||MTL Griffith-Jones||255||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||S Clinch||697||1.3||N/A|
|Liberal||D A Stoddart||16,619||31.2|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Chesham and Amersham: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- Young, Richard (5 May 2015). "The Chilterns' landscape landmark". Great British Life. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
- "Chesham and Amersham by-election won by Lib Dems". BBC News. 18 June 2021. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
- Davey, Ed [@edwardjdavey] (18 June 2021). "Ed Davey MP @EdwardJDavey Congratulations to @SarahGreenLD who has just sent a shockwave through British politics. If @libdems can beat the Tories here, we can beat them anywhere. The blue wall can be smashed by @libdems" (Tweet). Retrieved 18 June 2021 – via Twitter.
- "EU Referendum Results and Turnout". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
- "European Union Parliamentary Election Result". Chiltern District Council. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "Tory MP Dame Cheryl Gillan dies after long illness". BBC News. 5 April 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
- "Carshalton and Wallington 1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
- "Election timetable and notices". Buckinghamshire Council. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
- "Chesham & Amersham Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- "Chesham & Amersham parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.