Chihuahua City

The city of Chihuahua (Spanish pronunciation: [tʃiˈwawa]) is the state capital of the Mexican state of Chihuahua.[3][1] As of 2017, the city of Chihuahua had a population of 878,062 inhabitants.[2] while the metropolitan area had a population of 1,036,806 inhabitants.[2]

Chihuahua
Left to right by row, from top to bottom: Chihuahua cityscape featuring Cerro Grande, the Angel of Liberty monument, Metropolitan Cathedral of Chihuahua, Semilla Museum Center of Science and Technology, Glorieta for Pancho Villa, Chihuahua cityscape featuring District 1, Government Palace of Chihuahua, District 1 neighborhood, Quinta Gameros University Cultural Center, State Supreme Tribunal of Justice building.
Motto(s): 
Valentía, Lealtad, Hospitalidad (Courage, Loyalty, Hospitality)
Location in the state of Chihuahua
Chihuahua
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 28°38′07″N 106°05′20″W
Country Mexico
State Chihuahua
Municipality Chihuahua
FoundedOctober 12, 1709
Founded byAntonio de Deza y Ulloa
Government
  AlcaldeMaría Eugenia Campos Galván (PAN)
Elevation1,415 m (4,635 ft)
Population
 (2017)[2]
  City878,062
  Metro
1,036,806
Demonym(s)Chihuahuense
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
31000
Area code(s)+52 614
ClimateBSh
WebsiteCity of Chihuahua

Among cities in Mexico, the city of Chihuahua is highly ranked in human and social development. According to the UNCP report on human development, Chihuahua municipality's HDI is 0.840 as of 2015 – this is equal or higher than some Western European countries, with the literacy rate in the city among the highest in the country at 99%. Another report about competitiveness from the CIDE organization ranks Chihuahua as the second most competitive city in the country just behind Monterrey and ahead of Mexico City.[4] This report also ranks Chihuahua as the most Socially Competitive city in the country.[4]

The predominant activity is industry, including domestic heavy, light industries, consumer goods production, and to a smaller extent maquiladoras. The city is served by the General Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport.