Chop, Ukraine


Chop (Ukrainian: Чоп, Hungarian: Csap, Slovak: Čop, Rusyn: Чоп, Yiddish: טשאָפּ) is a city located in Zakarpattia Oblast (province) of western Ukraine, near the borders of Slovakia and Hungary. It is separated from the Hungarian town of Záhony by the river Tisza by being situated on its right bank. Located inside Uzhhorod Raion, since 2003 it is designated as a city of oblast significance - not included in any raion (district) of the oblast.

Chop

Чоп

Csap (in Hungarian)
Čop (in Slovak)
Railway station in Chop
Flag
Coat of arms
Chop
Location of Chop
Chop
Chop (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°25′50″N 22°12′00″E
Country Ukraine
Oblast Zakarpattia Oblast
CouncilChop city council
Government
  MayorGalina Car
Elevation103 m (338 ft)
Population
 (2020)
  Total8,819
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
89500 — 89509
Area code(s)+380 22
ClimateCfb
Sister citiesMilove (Ukraine)
Sokołów Małopolski, (Poland)
Záhony (Hungary)
Websitehttp://chop-rada.gov.ua/

Names


There are several alternative names used for this city: Hungarian: Csap, Slovak: Čop, German: Tschop, Romanian: Ciop, Polish: Czop, Russian: Чоп, Yiddish: טשאָפּ.

History


The new church

Like the rest of Transcarpathia, Csap (as it was then known) was part of Hungary until 1920, when, as a result of the post-World War I Treaty of Trianon, it was included in the newly created Czechoslovakia, where it belonged to Slovakia, not to Subcarpathian Rus. During World War II, under the First Vienna Award, it briefly became Hungarian again. But, after the war, as part of the Czechoslovakia–Soviet Union relations, it became part of the expanded Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (now Ukraine), adopting the Ukrainian version of its name, 'Чоп' (usually transliterated as 'Chop' or 'Tchop' in English).

Demographics


According to the Ukrainian national census, Chop had a population in 2001 of 8,919, of whom 40% were Ukrainians, 39.2% ethnic Hungarians and 20.8% Roma, Russians, Slovaks, Belarusians, and Jews. Today, the population is 8,819 (2020 est.)[2].

Features


Passport stamps from Chop.
Old 1982 USSR passport stamps from the same crossing.
Border crossing

Chop is an important railway junction in Ukraine where the Lviv-Stryi-Budapest railway line meets the Lviv-Uzhgorod-Košice line. There is also a line running eastwards to Romania via Korolevo and Halmeu although there are currently no regular passenger services.

Near Chop, there are also international railway and highway border crossings to Hungary and Slovakia and also to the westernmost point of Ukraine. The first town across the border in Slovakia is Čierna nad Tisou while in Hungary, the first city is Záhony.

Notable residents


See also


References