Christian Democrats (Finland)


The Christian Democrats (Finnish: Kristillisdemokraatit, KD; Swedish: Kristdemokraterna) are a Christian-democratic political party in Finland.[5][6] The Christian Democrats have five seats in the Finnish Parliament. The party was represented in the Finnish government by Minister of Interior Päivi Räsänen from 22 June 2011 until 29 May 2015.

Christian Democrats
Finnish nameKristillisdemokraatit
Swedish nameKristdemokraterna
LeaderSari Essayah
Founded1958
HeadquartersKarjalankatu 2 C 7 krs.
FI-00520 HELSINKI
NewspaperKD-lehti
Student wingChristian Democratic Students of Finland[1]
Youth wingChristian Democratic Youth of Finland[2]
Women's wingChristian Democratic Women of Finland[3]
Membership (2019)10,750[4]
IdeologyChristian democracy[5][6]
Social conservatism[6][7]
Political positionCentre-right[7]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International
Nordic affiliationCentre Group
ColoursBlue and orange
Parliament
5 / 200
European Parliament
0 / 13
Municipalities
314 / 8,999
Website
www.kd.fi

The party was founded in 1958, chiefly by the Christian faction of the National Coalition Party, as the Finnish Christian League (Suomen Kristillinen Liitto, SKL; Finlands Kristliga Förbund.) The party adopted its current name in 2001.

Ideology


The party describes itself as following the tenets of Christian democracy. It emphasizes "respect of human dignity, the importance of family and close communities, defending the weak, encouraging resourcefulness and individual and collective responsibility, not just for themselves but also for their neighbours and the rest of creation". Membership is open to everyone who agrees with these values and aims.[5] The party also claims to be committed to environmental protection.[8]

The party has lost many of its members to bigger centre-right parties after 1990s, mainly to the National Coalition and Centre Party. KD MP Lyly Rajala and MEP Eija-Riitta Korhola defected to the National Coalition in 2003, and the former party secretary Annika Kokko moved to the National Coalition in 2007.

English-speaking members of the party founded their own chapter in Helsinki in 2004. Its monthly meetings attract immigrants to participate in societal matters and the issues that are particularly important to them. In 2005, a Russian-speaking chapter was also founded in Helsinki.[9]

The party is a member of the European People's Party (EPP).

KD-lehti (English: CD News) is the party's weekly newspaper.

Politicians


List of party chairs

  • Olavi Päivänsalo (1958-1964)
  • Ahti Tele (1964-1967)
  • Eino Sares (1967-1970)
  • Olavi Majlander (1970-1973)
  • Raino Westerholm (1973-1982)
  • Esko Almgren (1982-1989)
  • Toimi Kankaanniemi (1989-1995)
  • Bjarne Kallis (1995-2004)
  • Päivi Räsänen (2004-2015)
  • Sari Essayah (2015–)

Current members of parliament

[10]

European Parliament

Sari Essayah was the most recent MEP of the party; she was elected to the European Parliament in the 2009 election but failed to win re-election in 2014.

Election results


Parliamentary elections

Election Votes  % Seats +/- Government
1958 3,358 0.17
0 / 200
(no seats)
1966 10,646 0.45
0 / 200
(no seats)
1970 28,228 1.40
1 / 200
1 Opposition
1972 65,228 2.53
4 / 200
3 Opposition
1975 90,599 3.29
9 / 200
5 Opposition
1979 138,244 4.77
9 / 200
Opposition
1983 90,410 3.03
3 / 200
6 Opposition
1987 74,209 2.58
5 / 200
2 Opposition
1991 83,151 3.05
8 / 200
3 Coalition
1995 82,311 2.96
7 / 200
1 Opposition
1999 111,835 4.17
10 / 200
3 Opposition
2003 148,987 5.34
7 / 200
3 Opposition
2007 134,643 4.86
7 / 200
Opposition
2011 118,453 4.03
6 / 200
1 Coalition
2015 105,134 3.54
5 / 200
1 Opposition
2019 120,144 3.90
5 / 200
Opposition

Local council elections

Election Councillors Votes  %
1972 134 49,877 2.0
1976 322 85,792 3.2
1980 333 100,800 3.7
1984 257 80,455 3.0
1988 273 71,614 2.7
1992 353 84,481 3.2
1996 353 75,494 3.2
2000 443 95,009 4.3
2004 392 94,666 4.0
2008 351 106,639 4.2
2012 300 93,257 3.7
2017 316 105,551 4.1

European parliamentary elections

Election Votes  % Seats +/–
1996 63,134 2.8
0 / 16
1999 29,637 2.4
1 / 16
1
2004 70,845 4.3
0 / 14
1
2009 69,467 4.2
1 / 13
1
2014 90,586 5.2
0 / 13
1
2019 89,204 4.9
0 / 13

Presidential elections

Election Candidate 1st round
Votes  %
1994 Toimi Kankaanniemi 31,453 1.0 (#9)
2006 Bjarne Kallis 61,483 2.0 (#6)
2012 Sari Essayah 75,744 2.5 (#8)
2018 Supported Sauli Niinistö 1,875,342 62.7 (#1)

References


  1. Uusitalo, Suvi (23 October 2013). "Pääministeri: "Opiskelijaliike on kautta historiansa ollut yhteiskunnallisesti merkittävä uudistaja"". Verkkouutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  2. "Suomen Kristillisdemokraattiset (KD) Nuoret ry". kansalaisyhteiskunta.fi (in Finnish). Kansalaisfoorumi. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  3. "Kristillisdemokraattiset Naiset". kansalaisyhteiskunta.fi (in Finnish). Kansalaisfoorumi. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  4. Niemelä, Mikko (13 March 2019). "Perussuomalaisilla hurja tahti: "Jäseniä tulee ovista ja ikkunoista"". Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  5. "Our goals—Christian Democracy". Christian Democrats. Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  6. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Finland". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  7. "Finland's largest political parties". European Parliament Information. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  8. Environment and Energy Archived 2009-03-07 at the Wayback Machine. Christian Democrats
  9. Immigrants Archived 2011-06-10 at the Wayback Machine. Christian Democrats
  10. "Candidates elected". Ministry of Justice. 22 April 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015.

Further reading


  • Madeley, John T.S. (2004). Steven Van Hecke; Emmanuel Gerard (eds.). Life at the Northern Margin: Christian Democracy in Scandinavia. Christian Democratic Parties in Europe Since the End of the Cold War. Leuven University Press. pp. 217–241. ISBN 90-5867-377-4.