Christian Wolff (philosopher)

Christian Wolff (less correctly Wolf,[5] German: [vɔlf]; also known as Wolfius; ennobled as Christian Freiherr von Wolff in 1745; 24 January 1679 – 9 April 1754) was a German philosopher. Wolff was the most eminent German philosopher between Leibniz and Kant. His main achievement was a complete oeuvre on almost every scholarly subject of his time, displayed and unfolded according to his demonstrative-deductive, mathematical method, which perhaps represents the peak of Enlightenment rationality in Germany.[6]

Christian Wolff
Born(1679-01-24)24 January 1679
Died9 April 1754(1754-04-09) (aged 75)
EducationUniversity of Jena (1699–1702)[1]
University of Leipzig (Dr. phil. habil., 1703)
Era18th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolAge of Enlightenment
Rationalism
InstitutionsLeipzig University
University of Halle
University of Marburg
ThesisPhilosophia practica universalis, methodo mathematica conscripta (On Universal Practical Philosophy, Composed from the Mathematical Method) (1703)
Academic advisorsEhrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus
Gottfried Leibniz (epistolary correspondent)
Notable studentsA. G. Baumgarten
Main interests
Philosophical logic, metaphysics
Notable ideas
Theoretical philosophy has for its parts ontology (also philosophia prima or general metaphysics) and three three special metaphysical disciplines (rational psychology, rational cosmology, rational theology)
Coining the philosophical term "idealism"[2]

Following Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Wolff also wrote in German as his primary language of scholarly instruction and research, although he did translate his works into Latin for his transnational European audience. A founding father of, among other fields, economics and public administration as academic disciplines,[citation needed] he concentrated especially in these fields, giving advice on practical matters to people in government, and stressing the professional nature of university education.[citation needed]


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