Christian vegetarianism

Christian vegetarianism is the practice of keeping to a vegetarian lifestyle for reasons connected to or derived from the Christian faith. The three primary reasons are spiritual, nutritional, and ethical. The ethical reasons may include a concern for God's creation, a concern for animal rights and welfare, or both.[1][2] Likewise, Christian veganism is not using any animal products for reasons connected to or derived from the Christian faith.

Pescatarianism was widespread in the early Church, among both the clergy and laity.[3]

Among the early Judeo-Christian Gnostics the Ebionites held that John the Baptist, James the Just and Jesus were vegetarians.[4][5][6][7][8][9]

Some religious orders of various Christian Churches practice pescatarianism, including the Benedictines, Franciscans, Trappists, Carthusians and Cistercians.[10][11][12] Various Church leaders have recommended vegetarianism, including John Wesley (founder of the Methodist Church), William and Catherine Booth (founders of The Salvation Army), William Cowherd from the Bible Christian Church and Ellen G. White from the Seventh-day Adventists.[13][14][15][16] Cowherd, who founded the Bible Christian Church in 1809, helped to establish the world's first Vegetarian Society in 1847.[17]

Organizations such as the Christian Vegetarian Association (CVA) work to promote the concept.[18]

Additionally, many Christians may choose to practice vegetarianism or veganism as their Lenten sacrifice during Lent periods.[19][20]

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