Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

Chukotka (Russian: Чуко́тка), officially the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug,[lower-alpha 1] is the easternmost federal subject of Russia. It is an autonomous okrug situated in the Russian Far East, and shares a border with the Sakha Republic to the west, Magadan Oblast to the south-west, and Kamchatka Krai to the south. Anadyr is the largest town and the capital, and the easternmost settlement to have town status in Russia.

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Чукотский автономный округ
Other transcription(s)
  ChuckchiЧукоткакэн автономныкэн округ
Anthem: Anthem of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[1]
Coordinates: 66°40′N 171°00′E
Federal districtFar Eastern[2]
Economic regionFar Eastern[3]
Administrative centerAnadyr
  Governor[5]Roman Kopin[6]
  Total737,700 km2 (284,800 sq mi)
 (2010 Census)[8]
49,348 (−2.3%)
  Density0.068/km2 (0.18/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+12 (MSK+9 [10])
ISO 3166 codeRU-CHU
License plates87
OKTMO ID77000000
Official languagesRussian[11]

Chukotka is primarily populated by ethnic Russians, Chukchi, and other indigenous peoples. It is the only autonomous okrug in Russia that is not included in, or subordinate to, another federal subject, having separated from Magadan Oblast in 1992. It is home to Lake Elgygytgyn, an impact crater lake, and Anyuyskiy, an extinct volcano. The village of Uelen is the easternmost settlement in Russia and the closest substantial settlement to the United States (Alaska).

The autonomous okrug covers an area of over 737,700 square kilometers (284,800 sq mi), and is the seventh-largest federal subject in Russia, although the vast region has a population of only 50,526.[8] Chukotka is the second-least-populated federal subject, and the least densely populated federal subject in Russia. The region is the northeasternmost region of Russia, and since the Alaska Purchase, it has been the only part of Russia lying partially in the Western Hemisphere.

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