Church of Cyprus

The Church of Cyprus (Greek: Ἐκκλησία τῆς Κύπρου, Ekklisia tis Kyprou, Turkish: Kıbrıs Kilisesi) is one of the autocephalous Greek Orthodox churches that together with other Eastern Orthodox churches form the communion of the Eastern Orthodox Church. It is one of the oldest Eastern Orthodox autocephalous churches; it claims to have always been independent althought it is unclear if it is true or if it was under the Church of Antioch before its autocephaly was recognized in 431 at the council of Ephesus. The bishop of the ancient capital, Salamis (renamed Constantia by Emperor Constantius II) was constituted metropolitan by Emperor Zeno, with the title archbishop.

Church of Cyprus
Coat of arms of the Church of Cyprus.
ClassificationEastern Orthodox Church
OrientationGreek Orthodox Church
PolityEpiscopal polity
PrimateChrysostomos II
LanguageKoine Greek
HeadquartersNicosia, Cyprus
FounderBarnabas the Apostle
OriginRoman Cyprus
IndependenceAD 431 or earlier
RecognitionAD 431 (Council of Ephesus), AD 478 (Roman Empire)
St. John's Cathedral, Nicosia