Cinema of Australia

The cinema of Australia had its beginnings with the 1906 production of The Story of the Kelly Gang, the earliest feature film ever made. Since then, Australian crews have produced many films, a number of which have received international recognition. Many actors and filmmakers started their careers in Australian films, many of whom have acquired international reputations, and a number of whom have found greater financial benefits in careers in larger film-producing centres, such as in the United States.

Cinema of Australia
No. of screens2,210 (2017)[1]
  Per capita10.1 per 100,000 (2017)[1]
Main distributorsVillage Roadshow/Warner Bros. (26.0%)
Paramount (19.0%)
20th Century Fox (Disney) (12.0%)[2]
Produced feature films (2017)[1]
Total55
Fictional35 (63.6%)
Animated0 (0%)
Documentary20 (32.7%)
Number of admissions (2011)[3]
Total85,000,000
  Per capita4.3 (2010)[4]
Gross box office (2011)[3]
TotalA$1.09 billion
National filmsA$45.2 million (4.2%)

The first public screenings of films in Australia took place in October 1896, within a year of the world's first screening in Paris by Lumière brothers. The first Australian exhibition took place at the Athenaeum Hall in Collins Street, Melbourne, to provide alternative entertainment for the dance-hall patrons. Commercially successful Australian films have included: Crocodile Dundee, Baz Luhrmann's Moulin Rouge!, and Chris Noonan's Babe. Other award-winning productions include Picnic at Hanging Rock, Gallipoli, The Tracker, Shine and Ten Canoes.

Australian actors of renown include Errol Flynn, Peter Finch, Rod Taylor, Paul Hogan, Jack Thompson, Bryan Brown, Judy Davis, Jacki Weaver, Geoffrey Rush, Hugo Weaving, Eric Bana, Guy Pearce, Hugh Jackman, Cate Blanchett, Ben Mendelsohn, Anthony LaPaglia, David Wenham, Nicole Kidman, Toni Collette, Rose Byrne, Sam Worthington, Heath Ledger, Abbie Cornish, Chris Hemsworth, Liam Hemsworth, Sarah Snook, Mia Wasikowska and Margot Robbie.

Cinema in Australia is subject to censorship, called classification, though films may be refused classification, resulting in their being effectively banned.


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