City of Salford

The City of Salford (/ˈsɒlfərd/) is a city and metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England, named after its main settlement Salford. The borough covers the towns of Eccles, Worsley, Swinton, Walkden and Pendlebury. As well as the villages and suburbs of Monton, Little Hulton, Boothstown, Ellenbrook, Clifton, Cadishead and Winton.[2] The city has a population of 245,600,[3] and is administered from the Salford Civic Centre in Swinton.

City of Salford
Motto(s): 
Salus Populi Suprema Lex"
"The Welfare of the People is the Highest Law"
Salford shown within Greater Manchester
Coordinates: 53°30′35″N 2°20′04″W
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionNorth West England
Ceremonial county & Combined authorityGreater Manchester
Admin HQSwinton
Historic countySalford Hundred, Lancashire
City status (Salford)1926
Metropolitan borough status1 April 1974
City status1 April 1974
Government
  TypeMetropolitan borough, City
  Governing bodySalford City Council
  Ceremonial MayorCllr John Mullen
  Elected MayorPaul Dennett (L)
  MPs:Rebecca Long-Bailey (L)
Graham Stringer (L)
Barbara Keeley (L)
Area
  Total37.53 sq mi (97.19 km2)
Elevation
223 ft (68 m)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total258,834 (Ranked 66th)
  Density5,810/sq mi (2,243/km2)
  Ethnicity
(2005 estimate) [1]
93.3% White
3.9% S.Asian and mixed
1.5% Black and mixed
1.0% Chinese and other
DemonymsSalfordian
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Postcode
Area code(s)0161
ISO 3166-2GB-SLF
ONS code00BR (ONS)
E08000006 (GSS)
OS grid referenceSJ805985
NUTS 3UKD31
Websitewww.salford.gov.uk

The city's boundaries, set by the Local Government Act 1972, include five former local government districts. It is bounded on the south east by the River Irwell, which forms part of its boundary with Manchester to the east, and by the Manchester Ship Canal to the south, which forms its boundary with Trafford. The metropolitan boroughs of Wigan, Bolton and Bury lie to the west, northwest and north respectively. Some parts of the city, which lies directly west of Manchester, are highly industrialised and densely populated, but around one third of the city consists of rural open space. The western half of the city stretches across an ancient peat bog, Chat Moss.

Salford has a history of human activity stretching back to the Neolithic age. There are over 250 listed buildings in the city, including Salford Cathedral, and three Scheduled Ancient Monuments. With the Industrial Revolution, Salford and its neighbours grew along with its textile industry. The former County Borough of Salford was granted city status in 1926. Thus, it is the local government district that is a "city", not the settlement of Salford itself. The city and its industries experienced decline throughout much of the 20th century. Since the 1990s, parts of Salford have undergone regeneration, especially Salford Quays, home of BBC North and Granada Television, and the area around the University of Salford.

Salford Red Devils are a professional rugby league club in Super League and Salford City F.C. are a professional football club in League Two. Old Trafford, the home of Manchester United, in Trafford, is opposite Salford Quays.