City of Sunderland

The City of Sunderland (/ˈsʌndərlənd/) is a metropolitan borough with city status in North East England. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland, but spans a far larger area, including nearby towns including Hetton-le-Hole and Houghton-le-Spring, as well as the surrounding suburban villages.

Sunderland
Sunderland shown within Tyne and Wear
Sunderland
 
Sunderland
Sunderland (the United Kingdom)
Sunderland
Sunderland (Europe)
Coordinates: 54.910°N 1.385°W / 54.910; -1.385
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionNorth East
CountyTyne and Wear
Historic countyCounty Durham
Established1 April 1974
Admin HQSunderland city centre
Government
  TypeLeader and Cabinet
  BodySunderland City Council
  MPsBridget Phillipson (L)
Sharon Hodgson (L)
Julie Elliott (L)
Area
  Land53 sq mi (137 km2)
Population
 (2016[1])
  Total277,962
  Density5,190/sq mi (2,003/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areas
SR, NE, DH
Dialling code0191
Websitewww.sunderland.gov.uk

The district was formed in 1974, titled the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland, as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of four former local government districts of County Durham. It was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II's accession to the throne. The borough had a population of 275,400 at the time of the 2011 census, with the majority of the population (174,286) residing in Sunderland.[2]