Clacton (UK Parliament constituency)
Clacton is a constituency in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament, containing the town Clacton-on-Sea and also the towns of Frinton-on-Sea and Walton-on-the-Naze. It has been represented since 2017 by Giles Watling of the Conservative Party. It was created in 2010; Douglas Carswell, who was previously the Conservative MP for Harwich, won seat at the general election that year. In 2014, Carswell announced his defection to the UK Independence Party (UKIP); this triggered a by-election in the constituency, which Carswell won with a large majority, becoming UKIP's first elected MP. Carswell retained his seat at the 2015 general election; this was the only constituency won by UKIP at the election. In March 2017, Carswell left UKIP and became an independent MP; he did not stand for re-election in the 2017 general election, and the seat was gained by Watling for the Conservatives.
for the House of Commons
|Population||85,359 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||67,447 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Clacton, Frinton-on-Sea and Walton-on-the-Naze|
|Member of Parliament||Giles Watling (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
The seat was created for the 2010 general election following a review of the Parliamentary representation of Essex by the Boundary Commission for England. It was formed from the abolished Harwich constituency, excluding the town of Harwich itself and surrounding areas.
The District of Tendring wards of Alton Park, Beaumont and Thorpe, Bockings Elm, Burrsville, Frinton, Golf Green, Hamford, Haven, Holland and Kirby, Homelands, Little Clacton and Weeley, Pier, Rush Green, St Bartholomews, St James, St Johns, St Marys, St Osyth and Point Clear, St Pauls and Walton.
The new seat consists essentially of the former Harwich constituency, minus the town of Harwich itself and a few nearby villages, plus St Osyth and Weeley, transferred from the old North Essex constituency. Apart from the North Sea it is surrounded by the Harwich and North Essex constituency on all other sides. It contains the towns of Clacton-on-Sea, Frinton-on-Sea and Walton-on-the-Naze, as well as surrounding villages.
Like some other coastal seats, such as Christchurch in Dorset, the electorate is one of the oldest in the country, with a high proportion of retired people, and low numbers of non-White residents. The area has experienced a considerable influx of White British families from areas of East London such as Barking and Dagenham, leading to the town of Clacton becoming known as "Little Dagenham."
The village of Jaywick was, in both the Indices of deprivation 2010 and 2015, identified as the single most deprived LSOA in England, out of around 32,000, with unemployment estimated at almost 50%. Many homes are essentially beach huts and lack basic amenities. In the 2007 Index, this area was the third-most deprived in the country.
Members of Parliament
|Jun 2017||Giles Watling||Conservative|
On 28 August 2014, Carswell announced his defection to UKIP. Although not required to seek re-election following a change of party allegiance, Carswell triggered a by-election, held on 9 October 2014, in which he was elected as the UKIP candidate. He became the first elected UKIP MP. Carswell retained the seat for UKIP at the 2015 general election, seeing his majority cut by roughly three-quarters, with an 11% swing to the Conservatives. Carswell then became UKIP's sole MP in the House of Commons, as Mark Reckless, a fellow Conservative defector, lost his seat.
On 25 March 2017, Carswell announced on his blog that he was quitting UKIP to sit as an independent MP, saying that "I switched to UKIP because I desperately wanted us to leave the EU. Now we can be certain that that is going to happen, I have decided that I will be leaving UKIP".
After Prime Minister Theresa May called a snap election on 19 April 2017, Carswell announced that he would not stand for re-election, and he endorsed the Conservative Party candidate Giles Watling. Watling was elected at the 2017 general election; at that election, UKIP's share of the vote fell by 36.8%, one of its largest declines in the country, and the subsequent Conservative victory in Clacton marked the first time every constituency in Essex had returned a Conservative MP since 1987.
|Liberal Democrats||Callum Robertson||2,541||5.8||3.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Just-John Sexton||224||0.5||New|
|Liberal Democrats||David Grace||887||2.0||0.2|
|English Democrat||Robin Tilbrook||289||0.7||New|
|Conservative gain from UKIP||Swing||30.7|
|Liberal Democrats||David Grace||812||1.8||11.1|
|UKIP gain from Conservative||Swing||1.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Andy Graham||483||1.3||11.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||Alan "Howling Laud" Hope||127||0.4||New|
|UKIP gain from Conservative||Swing||44.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Michael Green||5,577||12.9||0.6|
|Tendring First||Terry Allen||1,078||2.5||New|
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Clacton: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
- "Why have the white British left London?". BBC News.
- "Parliamentary Career for Mr Douglas Carswell". UK Parliament. Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
- "Result: Harwich". BBC News. 2005. Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
- "Tory MP Douglas Carswell defects to UKIP and forces by-election". BBC News.
- "Clacton by-election candidates". BBC News.
- "UKIP gains first elected MP with Clacton win". BBC News. 10 October 2014. Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
- "Nigel Farage resigns as UKIP leader as the party vote rises". BBC News. 8 May 2015. Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
- "Job done – thank UKIP!". talkcarswell.com. 25 March 2017. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- "Douglas Carswell quitting UKIP to become independent MP for Clacton". BBC News. 25 March 2017.
- "Douglas Carswell will not stand in general election". 20 April 2017 – via bbc.co.uk.
- "Clacton Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated – Clacton Constituency" (PDF). Tendring District Council. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
- "Knife death mother in MP election bid for Clacton". 21 April 2017 – via bbc.com.
- "Norfolk North and Penistone & Stocksbridge choose their candidates. Latest selection news. – Conservative Home".
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Lodge, Will (16 September 2014). "Clacton: Carswell strolls to victory for UKIP at Clacton by-election". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
- "Poll: Is Clacton a town that's going nowhere?". Archived from the original on 10 September 2014.
- "Clacton on sea by election". 11 September 2014.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Clacton". BBC News. 7 May 2010.