Clarkston, East Renfrewshire
Clarkston (Scots: Clairkstoun, Scottish Gaelic: Baile Chlarc) is a suburban town in East Renfrewshire, in the Central Lowlands of Scotland. A dormitory town with a population of around 20,000, Clarkston is on the southern fringe of the Greater Glasgow conurbation and directly adjoins the neighbouring suburban villages of Busby and Netherlee, as well as the towns of Newton Mearns and Giffnock.
Busby Road, Clarkston's main shopping street
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||50 mi (80 km) ENE|
|• London||343 mi (552 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
On 21 October 1971, the main shopping building was the scene of the Clarkston explosion, which killed 22 people and injured around 100. A plaque on the site commemorates the event. The building was rebuilt.
When a new road from Paisley to East Kilbride was built through the area in the 1790s, a toll point was set up where it crossed what was then the main route from Glasgow to Kilmarnock and Ayr. A man named John Clark built a house at the toll, and the name 'Clarkston' came to be used for the locality. The Maxwell family (owners of the Williamwood Estate, on which Clarkston was situated) advertised the creation of a new village there in 1801, but initially, it grew slowly. Clarkston at this time had no industry of its own, and villagers were mainly employed in the mills at nearby Netherlee.
In the early 20th century the area began to expand more rapidly, initially in the Sheddens (also called Overlee) area, following the opening of Clarkston railway station by Busby Railways in the village in 1866 which caused the destruction of the older Clarkston village buildings, and later the expansion of the Glasgow tram network to Clarkston in 1921. The 1920s also saw the final breaking up of the Williamwood Estate, encouraging further house building. Clarkston expanded rapidly in the 20th century as new suburban housing developments sprang up. Stamperland was built in the late 1920s, followed by Carolside and Williamwood in the 1930s and 1940s. The Stamperland terraces as well as parts of Carolside and most of Williamwood were built by John Lawrence & Co. Minor infill sites, mainly replacing derelict farmhouses in Carolside and filling in small cliffside gaps in Stamperland were built in the 1970s, but nothing to the same scale as earlier in the century. The largest development since the 1940s was the development of High Carolside, also part of Greenbank Estate, in the 1970s by Mactaggart and Mickel. Funds from this development went to restoring the National Trust's Greenbank House. The Fairfield estate on Eaglesham Road was the final development in the 20th century, being built in the 1990s.
In the 21st century, flats at Aidan's Brae off Mearns Road and houses at Newford Grove were built. Flats have also been built on the old Netherlee and Clarkston Synagogue in Stamperland, as well as on some neighbouring tennis courts. Townhouses were also built at Seres Drive on the old site of Williamwood High School. The replacement school is situated on the southern edge of the town towards Waterfoot, some distance from the old site in the South Williamwood residential area. The Williamwood House, named after the historic estate, is located at the northern edge of the Williamwood Golf Club, in North Williamwood, in Netherlee. The modern Williamwood House was built in the 1930s to replace the then derelict Williamwood House that was home to the Maxwells. The building is Category B listed, and is being used as a care home.
Clarkston contains two golf clubs, and both have a long history. In 1895 the Cathcart Castle Golf Club opened as Merrylea Golf Club, in modern Merrylee. In 1898, the club was forced to leave, and moved to near the Cathcart Castle, in the modern day Linn Park, where it remained for around 20 years. However, after WWI a new golf course was built on Cleuch Farm in Clarkston in 1924, and this time the club kept its name, Cathcart Castle Golf Club. The Cleuch Farmhouse still exists as the Clubhouse for the golf club to this day. The equally large Williamwood Golf Club next to Stamperland was founded in 1906. The land the golf course was built on was previously part of Drumby Farm. The Drumby name survives today as Drumby Drive and Drumby Crescent, with the petrol station being the site of the original farm.
Clarkston is in East Renfrewshire, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland for local government purposes. East Renfrewshire Council, the unitary local council, is based in neighbouring Giffnock and is the body responsible for local governance. For local electoral purposes, Clarkston was formerly a ward electing a single councillor to East Renfrewshire Council, but is now grouped with Busby and Netherlee as a larger multi-member ward electing three councillors. Clarkston is one of East Renfrewshire's designated community council areas, but following the dissolution of the previous community council in 2015 there were insufficient nominations for it to be re-established at that time.
The Scottish Parliament is responsible for devolved matters such as education, health and justice, while reserved matters are dealt with by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Clarkston forms part of the county constituency of East Renfrewshire, electing one member of parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Kirsten Oswald of the SNP was elected as MP for East Renfrewshire in the 2015 General Election. Before the constituency's creation in 2005, Clarkston lay in the Eastwood Constituency. For the purposes of the Scottish Parliament, Clarkston forms part of the Eastwood constituency, which is represented by Jackson Carlaw MSP, of the Conservative party.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
At Central Lowlands. The community lies 4.7 miles (7.6 km) east of Barrhead, 3.9 miles (6.3 km) northwest of East Kilbride and 5.57 miles (9.0 km) south of Glasgow. The territory of Clarkston is contiguous with Glasgow and forms part of Greater Glasgow, the United Kingdom's fifth-largest conurbation.(55.785°, −4.276°) Clarkston is situated in Scotland's
Clarkston experiences a temperate maritime climate, like much of the British Isles, with relatively cool summers and mild winters. Regular but generally light precipitation occurs throughout the year.
Clarkston is a postal district within the post town of Glasgow in the G postcode area. Clarkston consists almost entirely of postcode district G76, which also extends beyond the town boundary to include neighbouring settlements Busby, Carmunnock, Eaglesham, Waterfoot, Millhall, and small parts of East Kilbride.
|Over 75 years old||7.12%||6.9%||7.1%|
According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, the census locality (town and sub-area) of Clarkston had a total resident population of 19,944, or 21% of the total of East Renfrewshire. The median age of males and females living in Clarkston was 38 and 41 respectively, compared to 37 and 39 years for those in the whole of Scotland. Fifty-nine percent were married, 3.7% were cohabiting couples, 7.0% were lone-parent families and 23.2% of households were made up of individuals.
The place of birth of the towns residents was 97.1% United Kingdom (including 91.8% from Scotland), 0.5% Republic of Ireland, 0.5% from other European Union countries and 1.9% from elsewhere in the world. Compared with the average demography of Scotland, Clarkston has higher proportions of people born in Scotland and young children (0–15 years old).
Of residents 16–74, 44.0% were in full-time employment, 13.1% in part-time employment, 7.2% self-employed and 1.9% unemployed compared with Scotland as a whole which has 40.3%, 11.1%, 6.6% and 4% respectively. Additionally, in Clarkston 4.5% students have jobs while 4.2% do not, 15.4% are retired, 4.8% look after their home or family, 3.0% are permanently sick or disabled, and 1.9% are economically inactive for other reasons.
Points of Interest
Sporting clubs include tennis, bowling and squash. Overlee Playing Fields (locally known as Overlee Park) was started as a King George V Playing Field and is situated off Moray Drive in the Stamperland area of Clarkston. The park is home to four separate sports pitches, mini basketball court, a large playground and a pavilion. A new nursery is currently under construction in the park. and once it is complete the derelict pavilion will be demolished.
The area has a number of road links to neighbouring Glasgow. The A77 main Glasgow to Kilmarnock road passes through Eastwood Toll in the neighbouring town of Giffnock, where it is connected to the A727, which travels from Darnley to East Kilbride, passing through the town centre of Clarkston. This road used to be known as the A726, but was changed to its modern number in the 2000s after a new road was built south of neighbouring Waterfoot and Newton Mearns. This road was built, partly because the A726 was notoriously narrow and busy in this area, and partly to alleviate traffic in nearby Eaglesham. The B767 also travels through Clarkston, from Eaglesham and Waterfoot to Sheddens Roundabout. The road number disappears for a short distance, before reappearing further north, at Clarkston Toll. The road then continues into Netherlee, before ending in Cathcart in the nearby city of Glasgow. The nearest motorway is the M77, of which Junction 3 at Darnley and Junction 4 at Greenlaw, Newton Mearns, which are the main motorway junctions for Clarkston.
- Clarkston railway station, opened on 1 January 1866 lies on the East Kilbride branch of the Glasgow South Western Line, which runs from Glasgow Central 5 miles (8.0 km) north.
- Williamwood railway station, opened on 9 July 1929, lies on the Neilston branch of the Cathcart Circle 4.7 miles (7.6 km) south-southwest of Glasgow Central.
Clarkston is serviced by a number of bus routes by various operators. The main bus links are the number 4 and 4A, linking nearby Eaglesham or Newton Mearns with the city centre and Knightswood, and the number 6, which connects East Kilbride with Clydebank. Both services are operated by First Glasgow.
Novelist Alistair MacLean lived in the area before moving to Switzerland. Noted residents of the area have included Sir William Kerr Fraser, Principal and Chancellor of Glasgow university; Harry Benson, international photographer, and Judy Murray, tennis educator and promoter.
Pop musicians associated with Clarkston include former Thin Lizzy and Motörhead guitarist Brian "Robbo" Robertson who was born and grew up locally, and Stuart Murdoch of Belle and Sebastian, who also grew up in the area.
Clarkston has six churches. They are Greenbank Parish Church, St Josephs RC Church, Stamperland Parish Church, Williamwood Parish Church, St Aidans Episcopal Church, and Clarkston Baptist Church.
Greenbank Parish Church originally opened in 1884 on Eaglesham Road, at the far south of the modern town centre, having been built at the cost of £4055. It was named after the nearby Greenbank Estate, centred on Greenbank House, which is now a national trust site. The neighbouring manse was built in 1895. 21 servicemen at Greenbank died during World War 1, and the iconic clock in the church tower was installed in memory of those killed in the war. In the 1950s Greenbank helped fund churches in the newly built Castlemilk housing estates, in Glasgow. The northern halls, which today make up the majority of the footprint of the church were finished in 1967. The church was refurbished and repainted in the late 1970s. A link corridor to connect the two buildings was finished in 1991. The oldest part of the church is a Category B listed building.
Stamperland Church was founded in 1939 with help from nearby Greenbank, Williamwood and Netherlee churches. It is on the corner of Clarkston Road and Stamperland Gardens, in the de facto centre of the Stamperland area. In July 2018 Netherlee and Stamperland churches linked, sharing a church minister. The two churches will officially unite starting the 1st of January, 2020. It is understood that both churches will be kept in use and continue to have church services.
Williamwood Parish Church was founded in 1937. It was built in the centre of the Williamwood area, in a narrow triangular shaped plot between Seres Road and Vardar Avenue. It was built out of red brick with a short bell tower. It cost £5910 (£67500 adjusted for inflation). In 1995/96 there was modernisation work carried out, creating disabled access, additional toilets and the Iona Chapel.
St Aidans Episcopal Church was originally started in 1923. It held congregations at the Clarkston Bowling Club until a church building was opened in 1925. The building is near the start of the Mearns Road, in the town centre.
Clarkston Baptist Church is located on Arthur Street at Sheddens. It was built in the 1970s.
Waste and Water supplies are provided by Scottish Water, a public authority of the Scottish Government. Clarkston's Distribution Network Operator for electricity is Scottish Power. The NHS board is NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde. The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service and has a fire station based in Clarkston.
Policing in Clarkston is provided by Police Scotland. The Strathclyde Partnership for Transport, a public body in Scotland, has direct operational responsibilities, such as supporting (and in some cases running) local bus services and managing integrated ticketing in Clarkston and other areas from the former Strathclyde region. Transport Scotland manages the local rail network.
- "Comparative Population Profile: Clarkston Locality, Scotland". scrol.gov.uk. 2001. Archived from the original on 5 April 2003. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- Clarkston, Stamperland & Netherlee, Portal to the Past (East Renfrewshire Culture and Leisure)
- Nisbet 2007, p. 4.
- Nisbet 2007, p. 34.
- Mansions in Clarkston and Netherlee, Portal to the Past (East Renfrewshire Culture and Leisure)
- Nisbet 2007, p. 38.
- Nisbet 2007, p. 24.
- Nisbet 2007, pp. 26-27.
- Glasgow, Clarkston, Williamwood, General (1991), Canmore
- Williamwood House, CrossReach
- "Councillors and democracy". East Renfrewshire Council. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
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- National Rail (23 January 2007). "Station Facilities: Clarkston (CKS)". nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
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- Butt (1995), page 62
- Butt (1995), page 251
- "Eastwood High School Achievers". achieversuk.com. Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
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- Nisbet, Douglas (2007). Old Clarkston and Netherlee. Catrine: Stenlake.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.