Coahuila

Coahuila (Spanish pronunciation: [koaˈwila] (listen)), formally Coahuila de Zaragoza (American Spanish: [koaˈwila ðe saɾaˈɣosa] (listen)), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Coahuila de Zaragoza (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Coahuila de Zaragoza), is one of the 32 states of Mexico.

Coahuila
Free and Sovereign State of Coahuila de Zaragoza
Estado Libre y Soberano de Coahuila de Zaragoza (Spanish)
Motto(s): 
Plus Ultra (Latin)
Anthem:
State Anthem of Coahuila
(Español: Himno Coahuilense)
State of Coahuila within Mexico
Coordinates: 27°18′N 102°3′W
CountryMexico
CapitalSaltillo
Largest CitySaltillo
Municipalities38
AdmissionMay 7, 1824[1]
Order16th[a]
Government
  GovernorMiguel Riquelme Solís (PRI)
  SenatorsArmando Guadiana Tijerina
Eva Eugenia Galaz Caletti
Verónica Martínez García
  Deputies[2]
Area
  Total151,595 km2 (58,531 sq mi)
 Ranked 3rd
Highest elevation
[4] (Sierra de la Marta)
3,710 m (12,170 ft)
Population
 (2020)[5]
  Total3,146,771
  Rank15th
  Density21/km2 (54/sq mi)
  Density rank26th
Demonym(s)Coahuilense
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Postal code
25 - 27
Area code
ISO 3166 codeMX-COA
HDI 0.799 High Ranked 7th of 32
GDPUS$21,556.31M[b]
WebsiteOfficial Web Site
^ a. Joined to the federation under the name of Coahuila y Texas; also recognized as Coahuila y Tejas.
^ b. The state's GDP was MXN 275,920,781,000 in 2008,[6] which corresponds to US$21,556,311,010, a dollar equaling 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010).[7]

Coahuila borders the Mexican states of Nuevo León to the east, Zacatecas to the south, and Durango and Chihuahua to the west. To the north, Coahuila accounts for a 512 kilometres (318 mi) stretch of the Mexico–United States border, adjacent to the U.S. state of Texas along the course of the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte). With an area of 151,563 square kilometres (58,519 sq mi), it is the nation's third-largest state. It comprises 38 municipalities (municipios). In 2020, Coahuila's population is 3,146,771 inhabitants.

The largest city and State Capital is the city of Saltillo; the second largest is Torreón (largest metropolitan area in Coahuila and 9th largest in Mexico); the third largest is Monclova (a former state capital); the fourth largest is Ciudad Acuña; and the fifth largest is Piedras Negras.