Arms of Canada

The Arms of Canada (French: Armoiries du Canada), also known as the Royal Coat of Arms of Canada (French: armoiries royales du Canada)[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] or formally as the Arms of Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada (French: Armoiries de Sa Majesté la reine du Canada),[3][11][12][13][14] is, since 1921, the official coat of arms of the Canadian monarch and thus also of Canada.[14][15] It is closely modelled after the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom with French and distinctive Canadian elements replacing or added to those derived from the British version.

Arms of Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada
Armoiries de Sa Majesté la reine du Canada
ArmigerElizabeth II in Right of Canada
Adopted19 November 1921 (1921-11-19), last revised 12 July 1994[1]
CrestUpon a Royal helmet, a lion passant guardant or imperially crowned proper and holding in the dexter paw a maple leaf Gules.
TorseArgent and gules, the mantling gules doubled argent.
BlazonTierced in fess, the first and second divisions containing the quarterly coat following, namely, 1st Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or, 2nd, Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules, 3rd, Azure a harp Or stringed Argent, 4th, Azure three fleurs-de-lis Or, and the third division being Argent three maple leaves conjoined on one stem proper.
SupportersDexter: a lion Or holding a lance Argent, point Or, flying therefrom to the Dexter the Royal Union Flag, Sinister: a unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Or, gorged with a coronet composed of crosses-patée and fleurs-de-lis a chain affixed thereto and reflexed Or, holding a like lance flying therefrom to the sinister a banner Azure charged with three fleurs-de-lis Or.
CompartmentA wreath of roses, thistles, shamrocks and lilies proper.
MottoLatin: A Mari usque ad Mare, lit.'from sea to sea'
Order(s)The ribbon of the Order of Canada (Latin: Desiderantes meliorem patriam, lit.'they desire a better country')
Other elementsThe whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper.
Earlier version(s)Arms of Canada, revised 1957

The maple leaves in the shield, blazoned "proper" (ie in natural colour), were originally drawn vert (green) but were redrawn gules (red) in 1957 and a circlet of the Order of Canada was added to the arms for limited use in 1987. The shield design forms the monarch's royal standard and is also found on the Canadian Red Ensign. The Flag of the Governor General of Canada, which formerly used the shield over the Union Flag, now uses the crest of the arms on a blue field.

The arms are embossed on the covers of Canadian passports, in order to legally signify and symbolize that the bearer is travelling under the aid of the Crown of Canada.