Colchester

Colchester (/ˈklɪstər/ (listen)[1]) is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex, in south eastern England. Colchester occupies the site of what was Camulodunum, the first major Roman city in, and sometime capital of, Roman Britain. Colchester lays claim to be Britain's oldest recorded town.[2][3] Colchester has been a military garrison since the Roman era and is currently home to the 16th Air Assault Brigade. In 2019 it had an estimated population of 138,131.[4]

Colchester
Top to bottom, left to right: St Botolph's Priory, Firstsite, Colchester Town Centre
Motto(s): 
Utrinque Paratus
(Ready for Anything)
Colchester
Location within Essex
Coordinates: 51.8917°N 0.903°E / 51.8917; 0.903
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionEast of England
CountyEssex
BoroughColchester
Founded1st century BC
Government
  TypeLeader and Cabinet
  BodyColchester Borough Council
  MPsWill Quince
Area
  Total12.17 sq mi (31.52 km2)
Population
 (2019)
  Total138,131
  Density11,350/sq mi (4,383/km2)
Postcode
Area code(s)01206
ONS code42UD
Websitewww.colchester.gov.uk

Situated on the River Colne,[5] Colchester is 50 miles (80 kilometres) northeast of London and is connected to the capital by the A12 road and its railway station which is on the Great Eastern Main Line. It is seen as a popular town for commuters,[6] and is less than 30 miles (50 km) from London Stansted Airport and 20 miles (30 km) from the passenger ferry port of Harwich.

Colchester is home to Colchester Castle and Colchester United Football Club. The demonym is Colcestrian.[7]