Palace Museum

The Palace Museum (Chinese: 故宫博物院; pinyin: Gùgōng Bówùyùan) is a national museum housed in the Forbidden City at the core of Beijing. It was established in 1925 after the last Emperor of China was evicted from his palace, and opened its doors to the public.

The Palace Museum
故宫博物院
Front view of the Museum[note 1]
Established10 October 1925; 96 years ago (1925-10-10)
Location4 Jingshan Front St, Dongcheng, Beijing
Coordinates39°55′01″N 116°23′27″E
Type
Collection size1,860,000
Visitors17 million (2018)[1]
DirectorWang Xudong
Public transit access 1  at Tian'anmendong
 2   8  at Qianmen
Websiteen.dpm.org.cn (English)
www.dpm.org.cn (Chinese)
Built1406–1420
ArchitectKuai Xiang
Architectural style(s)Chinese architecture
Chinese name
Chinese博物院
Literal meaningFormer-Palace Museum

Constructed from 1406 to 1420, the museum consists of 980 buildings[2] and covers 72 hectares (over 180 acres). It is home to over 1.8 million pieces of art, mostly from the imperial collection of the Ming and Qing dynasties. The 20th century saw its expansion through new acquisitions, transfers from other museums, and new archaeological discoveries.

According to the Beijing Evening Post, the museum has seen more than 17 million visitors in 2018, which would make it the world's most visited museum. It has an average of 15 million visitors annually since 2012.[3][4] Due to this increased pressure, the management has set a daily limit for visitors of 80,000 since 2015 to protect the structure and the experience.[5]


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