Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded on January 15, 1889, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company. Columbia is the oldest surviving brand name in the recorded sound business, and the second major company to produce records. From 1961 to 1991, its recordings were released outside North America under the name CBS Records to avoid confusion with EMI's Columbia Graphophone Company. Columbia is one of Sony Music's four flagship record labels, alongside former longtime rival RCA Records, as well as Arista Records and Epic Records.
|Founded||January 15, 1889 (as Columbia Phonograph Company)|
|Founder||Edward D. Easton|
|Distributor(s)||Sony Music Entertainment|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Location||New York City, New York, U.S.|
Artists who have recorded for Columbia include AC/DC, Adele, Aerosmith, Alice in Chains, Julie Andrews, Louis Armstrong, Gene Autry, Count Basie, Tony Bennett, Leonard Bernstein, Beyoncé, Blood, Sweat and Tears, Blue Öyster Cult, David Bowie, the Byrds, Mariah Carey, Frankie Carle, Johnny Cash, Cheap Trick, Chicago, The Chainsmokers, The Clash, The Chambers Brothers, Tyler, the Creator, Leonard Cohen, Ray Conniff, Mac Davis, Miles Davis, Doris Day, The Dorsey Brothers, Neil Diamond, Celine Dion, Bob Dylan, Earth, Wind & Fire, Ruth Etting, Duke Ellington, Benny Goodman, Billie Holiday, Dan Hornsby, Harry James, Billy Joel, Janis Joplin, Journey, Roger Wolfe Kahn, André Kostelanetz, Kay Lande, The Manhattans, Johnny Mathis, George Michael, Wham!, Mitch Miller, Willie Nelson, Will Osborne, Pink Floyd, Iggy Pop, Gary Puckett and The Union Gap, Santana, Frank Sinatra, Simon & Garfunkel, Bruce Springsteen, Barbra Streisand, James Taylor, Jerry Vale, Paul Whiteman Andy Williams, Tammy Wynette, Harry Styles, Rudy Vallee, Miley Cyrus, and numerous others.