Communist Party of India (Marxist)

The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (abbr. CPI(M)) is a communist political party in India.[3] It is one of the national parties of India.[5] The party emerged from a split from the Communist Party of India in 1964. The CPI(M) was formed in Calcutta from 31 October to 7 November 1964.

Communist Party of India (Marxist)
General SecretarySitaram Yechury
Lok Sabha leaderP. R. Natarajan
Rajya Sabha leaderElamaram Kareem
Founded7 November 1964 (56 years ago) (1964-11-07)
Split fromCommunist Party of India
HeadquartersA. K. Gopalan Bhawan, 27-29, Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi-110 001
NewspaperPeople's Democracy
Student wingStudents' Federation of India
Youth wingDemocratic Youth Federation of India
Women's wingAll India Democratic Women's Association
Labour wingCentre of Indian Trade Unions
Peasant's wingAll India Kisan Sabha
Political positionLeft-wing[4]
International affiliationIMCWP
Colours  Red
ECI StatusNational Party[5]
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
6 / 245
Seats in State Legislative Assemblies
88 / 4,036
Indian states
1 / 126
2 / 243
1 / 68
(Himachal Pradesh)
62 / 140
1 / 288
1 / 147
2 / 200
2 / 234
(Tamil Nadu)
16 / 60
Number of states and union territories in government
2 / 31
Election symbol
Party flag

As of 2021, CPI(M) is leading the state government in Kerala and has representation in the following Legislative assemblies in the states of Tripura, Assam, Rajasthan, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.[6] The Politburo is the supreme authority of the Communist Party of India (Marxist).[7] However, in between two party congresses, the Central Committee is the highest decision making body.[7]