Communist Party of Vietnam

The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV)[lower-alpha 1] is the founding and ruling communist party of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Although it nominally exists alongside the Vietnamese Fatherland Front, it maintains a unitary government and has centralised control over the state, military and media. The supremacy of the Communist Party is guaranteed by Article 4 of the national constitution. CPV was founded in 1930; since 1954, it has been the ruling party of North Vietnam and then the Socialist Republic in 1976 after seizing power in South Vietnam. It controls the Vietnam People's Armed Forces.

Communist Party of Vietnam
Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam
General SecretaryNguyễn Phú Trọng
Executive SecretaryVõ Văn Thưởng
FounderHồ Chí Minh
Founded3 February 1930; 91 years ago (1930-02-03)
Merger of
Headquarters1A, Hung Vuong Street, Ba Đình District, Hà Nội
NewspaperNhân Dân
Student wingVietnamese Students' Association
Youth wing
Women's wingVietnam Women's Union
Armed wingPeople's Army of Vietnam
Membership (2019)5,200,000
Political positionFar-left
National affiliationVietnamese Fatherland Front
International affiliationIMCWP
Colors  Red
AnthemThe Internationale
National Assembly
485 / 499
Party flag

The CPV is organized on the basis of democratic centralism, a principle conceived by Russian Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin. The highest institution of CPV is the party's National Congress which elects the Central Committee. In between party congresses, the Central Committee is the supreme organ on party affairs. After a party congress, the Central Committee elects the Politburo and Secretariat and it appoints the First Secretary, the highest party office. In between sessions of the Central Committee, the Politburo is the supreme organ on party affairs. However, it can only implement decisions based upon the policies which have been approved in advance by either the Central Committee or the party's National Congress. As of 2017, the 12th Politburo comprises 19 members. The current party's leader is Nguyễn Phú Trọng, who holds the titles of General Secretary of the Central Committee and Secretary of the Central Military Commission.

The party is committed to communism and continues to participate in the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties each year. It is also known for the advocacy of what it calls a "socialist-oriented market economy" while another ideology of CPV, the Ho Chi Minh Thought, introduced by Ho which combines Vietnamese culture, French revolutionary ideas, liberal ideas, Marxist–Leninist communist ideals and Ho Chi Minh's personal qualities.

Before the end of Communist rule in Eastern Europe, the party had the command economy until Đổi Mới was introduced in 1986 and was aligned with the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact/COMECON states during the Cold War. The Vietnamese public and state media generally refers to the CPV simply as Đảng ("the Party") or Đảng ta ("our Party").