Communist Party of the Russian Federation

The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF; Russian: Коммунистическая Партия Российской Федерации; КПРФ; Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii, KPRF) is a communist political party in Russia that adheres to Marxist–Leninist philosophy.[3] It is the second-largest political party in the Russian Federation after United Russia. The youth organisation of the party is the Leninist Young Communist League.

Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Коммунистическая Партия Российской Федерации
AbbreviationCPRF (English)
KPRF (Russian)
General SecretaryGennady Zyuganov
Deputy SecretaryIvan Melnikov
Yury Afonin
Parliamentary LeaderGennady Zyuganov
Founded14 February 1993; 28 years ago (1993-02-14)
Preceded by
Headquarters16th building, Ol'khovskaya Ulitsa
Moscow, Moscow Oblast, Russia 105066
NewspaperPravda (more than 30 regional editions)
Youth wingLeninist Komsomol
Membership (2015)162,173[1]
Political positionLeft-wing[2][6] to far-left[7][8][9]
Continental affiliationUPC – CPSU
International affiliationIMCWP
ICS (defunct)
Colours  Red
  • "Russia! Labor! Democracy! Socialism!"
  • (Russian: «Россия! Труд! Народовластие! Социализм!»)
Anthem"The Internationale"
Seats in the State Duma
43 / 450
Seats in the Federation Council
3 / 170
3 / 85
Seats in the Regional Parliaments
449 / 3,928
0 / 31
Party flag

The CPRF can trace its origins to the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party which was established in 1898 and the party split in 1903 into a Menshevik (minority) and Bolshevik (majority) faction; the latter, led by Vladimir Lenin, is the direct ancestor of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and is the party that seized power in the October Revolution of 1917. After the CPSU was banned in 1991 by then–Russian President Boris Yeltsin in the aftermath of the failed coup attempt, the CPRF was founded at the Second Extraordinary Congress of Russian Communists on 14 February 1993 as the successor organisation of the Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (CPRSFSR). It was the ruling party in the State Duma, the lower house of the Russian Federal Assembly from 1998 to 1999. As of 2015, the party has 160,000 members.[10]

The party's stated goal is to establish a new, modernized form of socialism in Russia.[11] Immediate goals of the party include the nationalization of natural resources, agriculture and large industries within the framework of a mixed economy that allows for the growth of small and medium enterprises in the private sector.[12]