Community method

The Community method (also known as the Union method)[1][2] refers to decision making processes in the European Union (EU) which emphasize the roles of the supranational decision making bodies such as the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union[3][4][5] (that shall not be confused with the European Council nor with the Council of Europe). The Community method can be contrasted with intergovernmental decision making processes used in the former second and third pillars of the Union in which the European Commission and European Parliament played less important roles,[4] and to intergovernmental cooperation outside of the formal EU processes, such as the Schengen Agreement (1985) before the Treaty of Amsterdam (1997).

See also


  1. Devuyst, Youri (24 May 2018). "The European Union's Community Method". Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.153.
  2. "Europe's choice: Monnet vs de Gaulle". openDemocracy.
  3. The Community Method. Oxford Scholarship Online. Oxford University Press. 2008-09-25. ISBN 9780191719998. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  4. Kaczorowska, Alina (2013). European Union law (Third ed.). Abingdon, Oxon, London: Routledge. p. 10. ISBN 9780415695978.
  5. "Glossary of summaries - EUR-Lex". Retrieved 2018-12-19.