Company rule in India

Company rule in India (sometimes, Company Raj,[6] "raj," lit. "rule" in Hindi[7]) refers to the rule or dominion of the British East India Company on the Indian subcontinent. This is variously taken to have commenced in 1757, after the Battle of Plassey, when the Nawab of Bengal surrendered his dominions to the Company,[8] in 1765, when the Company was granted the diwani, or the right to collect revenue, in Bengal and Bihar,[9] or in 1773, when the Company established a capital in Calcutta, appointed its first Governor-General, Warren Hastings, and became directly involved in governance.[10] The rule lasted until 1858, when, after the Indian rebellion of 1857 and consequent of the Government of India Act 1858, the British government assumed the task of directly administering India in the new British Raj.

Company rule in India
Areas of South Asia under Company rule (a) 1774–1804 and (b) 1805–1858 shown in two shades of pink
StatusBritish colony
CapitalCalcutta (1757–1858)
Common languagesOfficial: 1773–1858: English; 1773–1836: Persian[1][2] 1837–1858: primarily Urdu[1][2][3][4]
but also: Languages of South Asia.
GovernmentAdministered by the East India Company functioning as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown and regulated by the British Parliament.
 1774–1785 (first)
Warren Hastings
 1857–1858 (last)
Charles Canning
Historical eraEarly modern
23 June 1757
16 August 1765
2 August 1858
 Dissolution of the Company and assumption of direct administration by the British crown
2 August 1858
1858[5]1,942,481 km2 (749,996 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mughal Empire
Maratha Empire
Sikh Empire
Ahom kingdom
British Raj