Compulsory voting

Compulsory voting, also called mandatory voting, is the requirement in some countries that eligible citizens register and vote in elections. Penalties might be imposed on those who fail to do so without a valid reason. According to the CIA World Factbook, 21 countries, including 10 Latin American countries, officially had compulsory voting as of December 2017,[1] with a number of those countries not enforcing it.

Table showing compulsory voting in national elections

During the first two decades of the 21st century, compulsory voting was introduced in Samoa and Bulgaria,[2] while Chile, Cyprus, the Dominican Republic, Fiji and Paraguay have repealed it during that same period.