Confederation of Indian Industry
|Predecessor||Confederation of Engineering Industry|
|Type||Non-governmental trade association|
|Headquarters||New Delhi, India|
|Services||Business promotion, networking, policy reforms|
|T. V. Narendran|
The journey of CII began in 1895, when 5 engineering firms - Martin & Company, Burn & Company, John King & Company, Jessop & Company, and Turner Morrison & Company – decided to form the Engineering and Iron Trades Association (EITA). To promote the interests of Indian manufacturers, EITA was renamed as Indian Engineering Association (IEA) in 1912. In 1942, the Engineering Association of India (EAI) was founded to promote the interests of small and medium engineering firms. In 1974, EAI merged with IEA and formed the Association of Indian Engineering Industry (AIEI) which in 1986 became the Confederation of Engineering Industry (CEI). The CEI in 1991, became the present Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
During the 1980s, Mr. Rajiv Gandhi, then Prime Minister of India played a critical role in galvanising the Association of Indian Engineering Industry (AIEI) into the Confederation of Indian Industry - a national organisation that would represent the interests of Indian industry. He considered AIEI more professional & modern and consulted it on important policy matters.
In 1998, the then Prime Minister, Mr Atal Bihari Vajpayee while addressing CII's National Conference & Annual Session urged to reform the government, industry and the common citizen. This was his first address to any industry association as the Prime Minister. Mr Vajpayee reaffirmed the government's commitment to reforms and underscored the importance of sustainable economic growth.
In 2007, the then Indian Prime Minister, Dr Manmohan Singh at CII Annual Session, invited corporate India to be a partner in making a more humane and just society where he emphasised on Ten-Point Social Charter for inclusive growth.
In 2020, Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi gave the plenary speech at CII's 125th Annual Session. He focused on building an Atmanirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India) and bringing India back on the path of rapid development.
CII is a body registered under Societies Registration Act, 1860 of India. The highest governing body of CII is the CII National Council, composed of leading industry heads and experts.
For 2021-22, Mr.T. V. Narendran, CEO & Managing Director of Tata Steel Limited is the President, CII, Mr. Sanjiv Bajaj, Chairman & Managing Director of Bajaj Finserv Limited is the President-Designate, CII, and, Dr. Pawan Munjal, Chairman & CEO of Hero MotoCorp Ltd. is the Vice President, CII. Chandrajit Banerjee is the Director General of CII since May 2008.
CII has over 500 ‘Intellectual Groups’ — councils, committees, task forces, and working groups among others — working at the national and regional levels, across industry sectors. These groups give shape to and articulate member concerns to government policymakers, regulators, think tanks etc. They work pro-actively with the government to formulate policies that would empower businesses.
CII has been a catalyst of change in India's economic policy reforms. CII played a very important role during economic liberalisation in 1991 which knocked down the high walls of protection between Indian industry and the rest of the world.
To stimulate foreign investment into India and promote industrial activities, CII partners with Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). CII is a joint venture partner in Invest India, a National Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency, established by DPIIT.
CII has set up dedicated Centers of Excellence to enhance the competitiveness of Indian industry through training, consultancy, and research. These centres provide special services to the industry to enable firms to lower their costs and become more productive and competitive. Currently, there are nine Centers of Excellence set up in the areas of Quality, Green Business, Manufacturing Excellence, Logistics, SMEs, Sustainable Development, Leadership, Food & Agriculture, and Water Institute.
India started its quality movement journey in the early 1980s. Late Japanese Professor Kaoru Ishikawa visited India in 1986, then heading JUSE (Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers). During his visit to India, he recommended starting a national drive for quality by setting up an institutional arrangement. CII took the lead in this initiative and has since spearheaded the quality movement in India. In 1988, A Total Quality Management Division (TQMD) was set up on Ishikawa's recommendation. The TQMD evolved into the CII Institute of Quality, which lead a quality movement that aimed to transform Indian businesses by offering them Total Quality Management skills such as Total Productive Maintenance, Lean Management, Six Sigma, Industrial and Legal Metrology, and Conformity Assessment & Standards. CII and the Export-Import Bank of India jointly established the CII-EXIM Bank Award for Business Excellence in 1994. The Award is based on the internationally recognised EFQM Excellence Model. The CII Institute of quality has had a major impact on a large number of firms in India in terms of raising overall awareness regarding quality.
CII initiated industry engagement in the area of environment and climate change in 1991, when the landmark Rio Summit was held. Since then, it has established three Centres of Excellence that work in the area of climate change, air pollution, environment, sustainability, green building, energy and water management.
Going green way addresses ecological challenges and also makes good business sense. Keeping this principle in mind, the CII Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre (GBC) was launched in March 2000 during the visit of the then U.S. President Bill Clinton to India. The Centre aims to promote ecologically sustainable business models in green economy. The GBC was inaugurated by His Excellency Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, the then President of India on 14 July 2004. The GBC headquarters at Hyderabad is India’s first platinum rated green building which has been awarded by the United States Green Building Council (USGBC), under the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system.
Since 2004, the GBC under the aegis of Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) is spearheading the green movement in the country by offering services to various national and international stakeholders in the areas of green projects.
In 2011, the Centre launched the GreenCo Rating system which evaluates how green a company is and suggests the way forward on resource conservation and energy & environmental management. In 2015, GreenCo Rating was acknowledged in India's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) document, submitted to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), as a proactive voluntary action of Indian industry towards combating climate change.
So far, 22 green building rating systems have been designed by GBC to address ecological challenges. IGBC Green Building Rating System has adopted over 5,400 green building projects amounting to over 7.5 billion sq. ft. GBC’s various initiatives have facilitated the reduction of over 16 million tons of CO2 per year.
CII connects Indian Industry with multiple stakeholders across the globe while also highlighting India's position as a stable and dependent partner. CII's international work constitutes working closely with the Indian Government to creating policies conducive to the trade and development procedures in India, identifying best practices, and creating access to foreign markets. Such activities include meeting with the Heads of State and Government, decision-makers, networking with counterpart organisations, multilateral and academic institutions, and other policy-making bodies.
CII's international engagement journey started with the opening of its first overseas office in 1977 in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. This endeavour helped to place the organisation on a high pedestal of relationship with the government, diplomatic missions, and international agencies. AIEI organised the very first international trade mission to Africa in 1975, covering Kenya, Zambia, Egypt, and Libya. In 1976, a Mission went to Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait. These initiatives of AIEI helped explore business opportunities in African and middle-east markets.
From 2013, CII has broadened its focus of work through more Regional and Country Committees like: Africa, ASEAN + ANZ, East Europe, GCC, LAC, Bangladesh, Canada, China, Germany, Italy, Japan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, South Korea and Sri Lanka. CII's International work is backed by 9 overseas offices in Australia, China, Egypt, Germany, Indonesia, Singapore, UAE, UK, and the US that helps propagate important information pertaining to markets and joint venture possibilities to both Indian and global companies.
CII undertakes a series of focused interventions to ensure the inclusive and social development of economically and socially challenged groups through corporate engagement. For bettering the lives of citizens, CII's long-standing work in the social sector was formalised through the establishment of the CII Foundation in 2011. The Foundation provides a meaningful bridge between marginalised communities and donors, especially the corporate sector. The core areas of intervention include CSR and ethical conduct, education, public health, skill development, affirmative action, women empowerment, people with disabilities, climate change, and disaster relief & rehabilitation.
In the year 2000, CII set up the Indian Business Trust for HIV/AIDS to engage the industry in meeting the challenges of the deadly virus. This Trust helped formulate ISO 9002 workplace policy and protocols for industry. More than 2000 companies in India joined this campaign to provide a safe and healthy work environment for their employees.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, CII extended its support to a large number of affected people to mitigate the global crisis. Synergizing the efforts of Indian industry and engaging with the Government of India, CII reached out to various sections of the society, providing immediate relief and strategic long-term rehabilitation support.
To tackle the unexpected and immense challenge posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, CII formed a high-level task force to find possible solutions to issues faced by Indian industry. CII made immediate policy interventions and representations at both the state and central government levels for macroeconomic management, monetary measures, and ease of doing business. It came out with an impact assessment on industry and economy with an exit strategy to sustain continuity.
CII has undertaken various initiatives: [email protected], Young Indians, and Indian Women Network.
[email protected] is a CII initiative that envisions how India should be in 2022 – the 75th year of India’s independence. The idea of [email protected] was conceptualised at the Incredible [email protected] celebrations in New York in 2007, where Professor C.K. Prahalad, management professor at the University of Michigan, shared his vision of [email protected]
CII adopted his vision of [email protected] on 8 May 2008. After consultations, a national vision document - [email protected] – The People’s Agenda was released. It was structured around the ten broad themes - Education & Skill Development, Technology & Innovation, Agriculture, Businesses, Infrastructure & Urbanization, Health, Environment, Arts, Sports & Literature, Governance & Public Administration and Moral Leadership.
To turn this vision into reality, CII set up the [email protected] Foundation. This initiative of CII has also found resonance with the Government of India, as in the Strategy for New [email protected] document released by the NITI Aayog in 2018.
CII set up Young Indians (YI) in 2002 to engage youth leaders in nation building. YI is one of the founding members of the G20 Young Entrepreneur’s Alliance (G20 YEA) and Commonwealth Alliance of Young Entrepreneurs – Asia Pacific (CAYE-A). Through MASOOM, Gift an Organ and Road Safety projects, the organisation connects youth in development work. It’s student wing YUVA engages with students through 130 institutions in India. YI has participated in disaster relief operations and health emergencies such as Covid-19. Young Indians has 3,200 members across its 51 offices, and 29,500 students YUVA members from colleges in India.
Indian Women Network
CII launched Indian Women Network (IWN) in 2013 to develop women workforce and work towards challenges faced by them at the workplace. Through CII's National Committee on Women Empowerment, IWN engages with the government, industry and thought leaders to shape inclusive policy for women workforce. IWN has developed an online Gender Diagnostic Tool for companies to self-assess and identify strengths, gaps and opportunities to improve gender parity and develop their potential. It has also initiated Equal Opportunity Pledge for companies to ensure inclusive work environment for women.
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