Conservatism in Hong Kong
Conservatism has deep roots in Hong Kong politics and society. As a political trend, it is often reflected in but not limited to the current pro-Beijing camp, one of the two major political forces in Hong Kong, as opposed to liberalism, a dominant feature of the pro-democracy camp. It has also become a political view taken by some localist political parties.
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Political conservatism in Hong Kong derived from the Chinese tradition of familism and Confucianism and was incorporated into the colonial government's policies by Governor Cecil Clementi in the 1920s in the wake of rising radicalism and also Bolshevism. The anti-communist sentiments continued after the Second World War when waves of Chinese refugees fled to the colony as the Communist Party of China (CPC) swept in Mainland China. Conservatives have also taken libertarian thoughts on economic policies, and have hailed Hong Kong as the freest economy in the world.
During the transition period, the business elites were joined by the pro-Communist traditional leftists to resist the rise of the demand for democratisation in order to secure political stability and economic prosperity while maintaining good relationship with the Beijing government. It has broadened its popular support and become the backbone of today's pro-Beijing camp, which has been the major supporting force of the SAR administration led by the indirectly elected Chief Executive.