Constance Markievicz

Constance Georgine Markievicz (Polish: Markiewicz [marˈkʲɛvitʂ]; née Gore-Booth; 4 February 1868 – 15 July 1927), known as Countess Markievicz, was an Irish politician, revolutionary, nationalist, suffragist, socialist, and the first woman elected to the Westminster Parliament, and was elected Minister for Labour in the First Dáil, becoming the first female cabinet minister in Europe. She served as a Teachta Dála for the Dublin South constituency from 1921 to 1922 and 1923 to 1927. She was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Dublin St Patrick's from 1918 to 1922.

Constance Markievicz
Constance Markievicz
Member of Parliament for
Dublin St Patrick’s
In office
1918–1922
Preceded byWilliam Field
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Teachta Dála
In office
December 1918  May 1921
ConstituencyDublin St Patrick's
In office
May 1921  June 1922
In office
August 1923  July 1927
ConstituencyDublin South
Minister for Labour
In office
April 1919  January 1922
Preceded byNew office
Succeeded byJoseph McGrath
Personal details
Born
Constance Georgine Gore-Booth

(1868-02-04)4 February 1868
Buckingham Gate,
London, England
Died15 July 1927(1927-07-15) (aged 59)
Sir Patrick Dun's Hospital,
Dublin, Ireland
Resting placeGlasnevin Cemetery,
Dublin, Ireland
Political partyFianna Fáil (1926–1927)
Sinn Féin (1908–1926)
Spouse(s)Casimir Markievicz (m. 1900)
RelationsEva Gore-Booth (Sister)
ChildrenMaeve Markievicz (1901–1962)
Parents
Military service
AllegianceIrish Republican Brotherhood
Irish Citizen Army
Irish Republican Army
Cumann na mBan
Years of service1913–1923
RankLieutenant[1]
Battles/warsDublin Lockout
Easter Rising
Irish War of Independence
Irish Civil War

A founding member of Fianna Éireann, Cumann na mBan and the Irish Citizen Army, she took part in the Easter Rising in 1916, when Irish republicans attempted to end British rule and establish an Irish Republic. She was sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment[2] on the grounds of her sex. On 28 December 1918, she was the first woman elected to the UK House of Commons,[3] though, being in Holloway Prison at the time and in accordance with party policy, she did not take her seat. Instead, she and the other Sinn Féin MPs (as TDs) formed the first Dáil Éireann. She was also one of the first women in the world to hold a cabinet position, as Minister for Labour, from 1919 to 1922.[lower-alpha 1]

Markievicz supported the anti-Treaty side in the Irish Civil War. She continued as (abstentionist) Dáil member for Sinn Féin until 1926, when she became a founding member of Fianna Fáil. She died in 1927.