Constitution of France

The current Constitution of France was adopted on 4 October 1958. It is typically called the Constitution of the Fifth Republic, and it replaced the Constitution of the Fourth Republic, of 1946. Charles de Gaulle was the main driving force in introducing the new constitution and inaugurating the Fifth Republic, while the text was drafted by Michel Debré. Since then, the constitution has been amended twenty-four times, through 2008.[1]

Constitution of France
Constitution of France (1958)
Original title(in French) Constitution française du 4 octobre 1958
JurisdictionFrance
Ratified28 September 1958; 62 years ago (1958-09-28)
Date effective4 October 1958; 62 years ago (1958-10-04)
SystemSemi-presidential indivisible, secular, democratic and social republic
BranchesThree (executive, legislature and judiciary)
ChambersTwo (Senate and National Assembly)
ExecutivePresident-led Council of Ministers responsible to the National Assembly;
Prime minister as head of government
JudiciaryHigh Court is established for presidential Impeachment purposes; an extra-judicial body, the Constitutional Council, reviews the constitutionality of laws; no other part of the court system is referenced.
FederalismUnitary
Electoral collegeNo, but senate elections mandated to be indirect
Last amended2009
SupersedesFrench Constitution of 1946
Constitution of the Fifth French Republic (original text) at Wikisource