Constitution of Italy

The Constitution of the Italian Republic (Italian: Costituzione della Repubblica Italiana) was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 December 1947, with 453 votes in favour and 62 against. The text, which has since been amended sixteen times,[citation needed] was promulgated in an extraordinary edition of Gazzetta Ufficiale on 27 December 1947.[1] The Constituent Assembly was elected by universal suffrage on 2 June 1946, on the same day as the referendum on the abolition of the monarchy was held. The election was held in all Italian provinces.[lower-alpha 3] The Constitution was drafted in 1946 and came into force on 1 January 1948, one century after the Constitution of the Kingdom of Italy, the Statuto Albertino, had been enacted.[2]

Constitution of the Italian Republic
The provisional head of state, Enrico De Nicola, signing the Constitution by virtue of Provision XVIII, on 27 December 1947.
Original titleCostituzione della Repubblica Italiana
Ratified22 December 1947
Date effective1 January 1948
SystemUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
BranchesThree: Legislative, Executive, Judicial[lower-alpha 1]
Head of statePresident of the Republic, elected by an electoral college
ChambersTwo: Senate of the Republic and Chamber of Deputies
ExecutiveCouncil of Ministers, headed by a President of the Council
JudiciaryConstitutional Court, Supreme Court of Cassation, Court of Audit and Council of State
FederalismNo, but constituent entities enjoy self-government
Electoral collegeYes: consists of Parliament and three delegates of Regional Councils[lower-alpha 2]
Entrenchments1
Amendments15
Last amended2020
Constitution of Italy at Wikisource