Constitution of Norway

The Constitution of Norway (complete name: The Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway; Danish: Kongeriget Norges Grundlov;[1] Norwegian Bokmål: Kongeriket Norges Grunnlov; Norwegian Nynorsk: Kongeriket Noregs Grunnlov) was adopted on 16 May and signed on 17 May 1814 by the Norwegian Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll. The latter date is the National Day of Norway; it marks the establishment of the constitution.

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway
The front page of Norway's constitution of 4 November 1814 (Novembergrunnloven), which is in the Storting archives.
Original titleDanish: Kongeriget Norges Grundlov

Bokmål: Kongeriket Norges Grunnlov

Nynorsk: Kongeriket Noregs Grunnlov
JurisdictionKingdom of Norway
Created10 April - 16 May 1814
Ratified16 May 1814
SystemConstitutional monarchy
Government structure
BranchesJudicial, Executive, and Legislative
Head of stateMonarchy of Norway
ExecutivePrime Minister
JudiciarySupreme court, Court of impeachment, and subordinate courts
Electoral collegeNo
First legislature7 October 1814
Author(s)Norwegian Constituent Assembly
SupersedesKing's Law (Lex Regia)
Full text
Constitution of Norway at Wikisource

It is considered one of the world's most liberal and democratic constitutions. It is the fourth oldest written single-document national constitution in Europe after the Constitution of Poland, the French constitution of 1791, and the Spanish Constitution of 1812. The document is also the second oldest working national constitution in the world, after the Constitution of the United States.[2] In May 2014, the Storting passed the most substantial changes since 1814, particularly by including paragraphs on human rights.[3]

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