Cortes Generales

The Cortes Generales (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkoɾtes xeneˈɾales]; English: Spanish Parliament, lit.'General Courts') are the bicameral legislative chambers of Spain, consisting of the Congress of Deputies (the lower house), and the Senate (the upper house).

Parliament of Spain (General Courts)

Cortes Generales
14th Cortes Generales
Congress of Deputies
Ander Gil (PSOE)
since 12 July 2021
Meritxell Batet Lamaña (PSOE)
since 21 May 2019
265 senators
350 deputies
Senate political groups
Government (115)
  •   PSOE (113)
  •   Confederal Left group (2)

Supported by (34)

Opposition (116)

  •   PP (97)
  •   Cs (9)
  •   Nationalist group (6)
  •   Mixed group (4)
Congress of Deputies political groups
Government (155)

Supported by (34)

Opposition (161)

Senate last election
10 November 2019
Congress of Deputies last election
10 November 2019
Senate next election
Next Spanish general election
Congress of Deputies next election
Next Spanish general election
Meeting place
Palacio del Senado
Plaza de la Marina Española
Centro, Madrid
Kingdom of Spain

Congress of Deputies
Palacio de las Cortes
Carrera de San Jerónimo
Centro, Madrid
Kingdom of Spain

The Congress of Deputies meets in the Palacio de las Cortes. The Senate meets in the Palacio del Senado. Both are in Madrid. The Cortes are elected through universal, free, equal, direct and secret suffrage,[2] with the exception of some senatorial seats, which are elected indirectly by the legislatures of the autonomous communities. The Cortes Generales are composed of 616 members: 350 Deputies and 265 Senators.

The members of the Cortes Generales serve four-year terms, and they are representatives of the Spanish people.[3] In both chambers, the seats are divided by constituencies that correspond with the fifty provinces of Spain, plus Ceuta and Melilla. However, the Canary and Balearic islands form different constituencies in the Senate.

As a parliamentary system, the Cortes confirm and dismiss the Prime Minister of Spain and his or her government; specifically, the candidate for Prime Minister has to be invested by the Congress with a majority of affirmative votes. The Congress can also dismiss the Prime Minister through a vote of no confidence. The Cortes also hold the power to enact a constitutional reform.

The modern Cortes Generales were created by the Constitution of Spain, but the institution has a long history.