Counties of Iran

The counties of Iran, called shahrestan (Persian: شهرستان, also Romanized as "šahrestân"), are administrative divisions of larger provinces (ostan). The word shahrestan comes from the Persian words šahr ("city, town") and stân ("province, state"). "County", therefore, is a near equivalent to shahrestan.

Counties of Iran
شهرستانهای ایران (in Persian)
  • Also known as:
  • šahrestân
    شهرستان
Found inProvinces of Iran
Number454
Subdivisions

Iranian counties are divided into one or more baxš (بخش), or districts. A typical county includes both cities (شهر šahr) and rural agglomerations (دهستان dehestân), which are groupings of adjacent villages. One city within the county serves as the capital of that county.

Each county is governed by an office known as farmândâri, which coordinates different public events and agencies and is headed by a farmândâr, the governor of the county and the highest-ranking official in the division.

Among the provinces of Iran, Fars has the highest number of shahrestans (36), while Qom uniquely has only one, being coextensive with its namesake county. In 2005, Iran had 324 shahrestans, while in 2021, Iran had 443 shahrestans.