County Sligo (// SLY-goh, Irish: Contae Shligigh) is a county in Ireland. It is located in the Border Region and is part of the province of Connacht. Sligo is the administrative capital and largest town in the county. Sligo County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county was 65,535 at the 2016 census. It is noted for Benbulben Mountain, one of Ireland's most distinctive natural landmarks.
|Anthem: "Isle of Innisfree" and |
"Down by the Salley Gardens"
|• Type||County Council|
|• Total||1,837 km2 (709 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||647 m (2,123 ft)|
|• Density||36/km2 (92/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC±0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (IST)|
|Eircode routing keys|
F56, F91 (primarily)
|Telephone area codes||071 (primarily)|
The county was officially formed in 1585 by Sir Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy of Ireland, but did not come into effect until the chaos of the Nine Years' War ended, in 1603. Its boundaries reflect the Ó Conchobhair Sligigh confederation of Lower Connacht (Irish: Íochtar Connacht) as it was at the time of the Elizabethan conquest.
This confederation consisted of the tuatha, or territories, of Cairbre Drumcliabh, Tír Fhíacrach Múaidhe, Tír Ollíol, Luíghne, Corann and Cúl ó bhFionn. Under the system of surrender and regrant each tuath was subsequently made into an English barony: Carbury, Tireragh, Tirerril, Leyny, Corran and Coolavin. The capital of the newly shired county was placed at Sligo.
A causewayed enclosure discovered in 2003 at Maugheraboy is one of the earliest indications of Neolithic farming activity on the Cúil Irra Peninsula. The nearby megalithic cemetery of Carrowmore forms part of a huge complex of Stone Age remains connecting Carrowkeel in south Sligo to the Ox Mountains, to the Cuil Irra Peninsula, where the passage tomb named after the legendary Queen Maeve, Miosgán Médhbh, dominates the western skyline from the crest of Knocknarea Mountain.
The Caves of Kesh, famous in Irish mythology, are in south County Sligo. A recent decoding of the work of Marinus of Tyre and Ptolemy shows Sligo as the likely location of Nagnata, an important place of assembly in the Iron Age. Famous medieval manuscripts written in the area include the Book of Ballymote, written in the territory of Corran, the Great Book of Lecan, and the Yellow Book of Lecan, both written in Tir Fhiacrach. The patron of the Annals of the Four Masters was Fearghal Ó Gadhra of Coolavin in south County Sligo.
Local government and politics
Sligo County Council is the governing body for the county. It is divided into five Local Electoral Areas (LEAs) Ballymote, Dromore, Sligo-Drumcliff, Sligo-Strandhill and Tubbercurry. There are 25 members elected to Sligo County Council.
Coat of arms
This coat of arms was adopted by Sligo County Council in 1980. The design on the black shield, which shows an open book on which there is a Celtic Cross and a red rose, represents collectively the literary and cultural history of Sligo. These refer to such early works as the Books of Ballymote and Lecan, while the rose was a significant theme in the poetry of W.B.Yeats. The escallop shells sprinkled on the shield refer to the origin of the word Sligeach – "a place abounding in shells". The boar's head refers to the "wild boar of Benbulben" in the Diarmuid and Gráinne myth. The colour scheme of the crest incorporates the Sligo GAA colours of black and white.
Sligo is the setting for a large number of the texts in the Mythological Cycles. The story of Diarmad and Grainne has its final act played out on Ben Bulben. The Second Battle of Moytirra is associated with Moytirra in South County Sligo. Other texts include Bruidean Ceise Corann, set on Keash Mountain. The rich array of megalithic monuments in the area has been an inspiration to artists and writers such as Samuel Fergusson. The poet and Nobel laureate William Butler Yeats (1865–1939) spent much of his childhood in northern Sligo and the county's landscapes (particularly the Isle of Innisfree, in Lough Gill) were the inspiration for much of his poetry. Yeats said, "the place that has really influenced my life most is Sligo." He is buried in North County Sligo, "Under Ben Bulben", in Drumcliff. William Yeats' brother Jack, a painter, also was inspired by the Sligo landscape.
County Sligo has a long history of traditional music. The south of the county is particularly noted with such musical luminaries as James Morrison, Michael Coleman, Paddy Killoran, Fred Finn, Peter Horan, Joe O'Dowd, Jim Donoghue, Martin Wynne, Oisín Mac Diarmada (of Téada), tin-whistle player Carmel Gunning and the band Dervish. The county has many traditional music festivals and one of the most well known is the Queen Maeve International Summer School, a traditional Irish Music summer school of music and dance which is held annually in August in Sligo Town. On the more contemporary music scene there are Westlife, Tabby Callaghan and The Conway Sisters who are from Sligo. Strandhill, about 9 km west of Sligo, hosts the Strandhill Guitar Festival each year, featuring a wide variety of guitar music and musicians.
Unlike its neighbouring counties, County Sligo has had more success at soccer rather than Gaelic games. The county is home to League of Ireland Premier Division club Sligo Rovers, who have played home matches at The Showgrounds since they were founded in 1928 and won the league on 3 occasions. Brother Walfrid, the founder of Celtic Football Club, was born in Ballymote, in the south of the county.
Geography and political subdivisions
Sligo is the 22nd largest of Ireland's 32 counties in area and 26th largest in terms of population. It is the fourth largest of Connacht's 5 counties in size and third largest in terms of population. The County borders County Mayo to the west, County Roscommon to the south and south-east and County Leitrim to the north-east.
Largest Towns County Sligo (2016 Census)
- Sligo, 19,452
- Tubbercurry, 1,986
- Strandhill, 1,753
- Collooney, 1,610
- Ballymote, 1,549
- Ballisodare, 1,350
- Enniscrone, 1,223
- Coolaney, 990
- Rosses Point, 883
- Grange, 586
Towns and villages
- Dromore West
- Rosses Point
Places of interest
- Michael Coleman – traditional music
- Michael Corcoran – Union Army general in the American Civil War
- Owen Connellan – Irish Scholar, translated the Annals of the Four Masters in 1846.
- Kian Egan – member of pop band Westlife
- Mark Feehily – member of pop band Westlife
- Shane Filan – member of pop band Westlife
- Tommy Fleming – singer
- Marian Harkin – MEP
- Neil Jordan – film director
- Constance Markievicz (1868–1927) – revolutionary Irish nationalist, first woman elected to the British Parliament
- Pauline McLynn – actress
- Ray McSharry – former Tánaiste
- Martin Moffat, recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Lola Montez – dancer, actress
- James Morrison – traditional music
- Mary O'Hara – singer
- El Marqués de Osorno – Spanish colonial administrator
- Martin Savage – Irish republican
- George Stokes – mathematician, physicist
- Feldmarschall The 3rd Earl of Carlingford (1639–1704) – a very senior-ranking military commander for the Habsburg Monarchy in the Holy Roman Empire (or the Austrian Empire). Lord Carlingford was born in Ballymote and served for many years as the chief minister of the Duchy of Lorraine.
- Feldmarschall Nicholas Graf von Taaffe and 6th Viscount Taaffe (1685–1769) – very senior-ranking military commander for the Habsburg Empire. Born in Ballymote, the Graf was a cousin of The 3rd Earl of Carlingford.
- Brother Walfrid – founder of Celtic FC
- Jack Butler Yeats – Artist
- William Butler Yeats – poet
The Dublin–Sligo railway line is operated by Iarnród Éireann in Ireland. It starts in Dublin Connolly station, terminating at Sligo Mac Diarmada railway station in Sligo. In the county there are stations at Ballymote and Collooney.
- High Sheriff of Sligo
- List of abbeys and priories in the Republic of Ireland (County Sligo)
- List of Sligo people
- Sligo GAA
- Sligo Rovers F.C.
- Sligo (Town)
- Wild Atlantic Way
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- Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. ISBN 0-340-89695-7.
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- Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl:10197/1406. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.