Court of Justice of the European Union

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) (French: Cour de justice de l'Union européenne or "CJUE"; Latin: Curia[2]) is the judicial branch of the European Union (EU). Seated in the Kirchberg quarter of Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, this EU institution consists of two separate courts: the Court of Justice and the General Court.[3][4] From 2005 to 2016 it also contained the Civil Service Tribunal. It has a sui generis court system, meaning ’of its own kind’, and is a supranational institution.[5]

Court of Justice of the European Union
Emblem of the Court of Justice of the European Union

Palais de la Cour de Justice, Luxembourg
Judicial branch overview
Formed1952
JurisdictionEuropean Union and Northern Ireland[lower-alpha 1]
HeadquartersPalais de la Cour de Justice, Kirchberg, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Child agencies

The CJEU is the chief judicial authority of the European Union and oversees the uniform application and interpretation of European Union law, in co-operation with the national judiciary of the member states.[4] The CJEU also resolves legal disputes between national governments and EU institutions, and may take action against EU institutions on behalf of individuals, companies or organisations whose rights have been infringed.[6]