Cronus

In Greek mythology, Cronus, Cronos, or Kronos (/ˈkrnəs/ or /ˈkrnɒs/, US: /-s/, from Greek: Κρόνος, Krónos) was the leader and youngest of the first generation of Titans, the divine descendants of the primordial Gaia (Mother Earth) and Uranus (Father Sky). He overthrew his father and ruled during the mythological Golden Age, until he was overthrown by his own son Zeus and imprisoned in Tartarus. According to Plato, however, the deities Phorcys, Cronus, and Rhea were the eldest children of Oceanus and Tethys.[2]

Cronus
God of the harvest
Member of Titans
PredecessorUranus
SuccessorZeus
AbodeMount Othrys (formerly)
Tartarus
PlanetSaturn
BattlesTitanomachy
SymbolSnake, grain, sickle, scythe
DaySaturday (hēmérā Krónou)
Personal information
ParentsUranus and Gaia
Siblings
  • Briareos
  • Cottus
  • Gyges
Other siblings
ConsortRhea
OffspringZeus, Hera, Hades, Hestia, Demeter, Poseidon, Chiron
Equivalents
Roman equivalentSaturn
Slavic equivalentRod, Рід, Род
Egyptian equivalentGeb
Mesopotamian equivalentNinurta[1]

Cronus was usually depicted with a harpe, scythe or a sickle, which was the instrument he used to castrate and depose Uranus, his father. In Athens, on the twelfth day of the Attic month of Hekatombaion, a festival called Kronia was held in honour of Cronus to celebrate the harvest, suggesting that, as a result of his association with the virtuous Golden Age, Cronus continued to preside as a patron of the harvest. Cronus was also identified in classical antiquity with the Roman deity Saturn.