Crosshill, Glasgow


Crosshill is an area of Glasgow, Scotland. It is situated south of the River Clyde. It was an independent police burgh from 1871 to 1891 before being annexed to the city.

Crosshill

Dixon Halls, formerly Crosshill and Govanhill Burgh Hall
Crosshill
Location within Glasgow
OS grid referenceNS585623
Council area
Lieutenancy area
  • Glasgow
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Historic county
Post townGLASGOW
Postcode districtG42
Dialling code0141
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
Glasgow
55.83319°N 4.25583°W / 55.83319; -4.25583

Archaeological interest


The public gardens named Kingsley Gardens, and the adjacent grounds of the Hampden Bowling Club, are thought to be the site of the original Hampden Park Stadium. Archaeology Scotland and local residents from the Bowling Club and Community Gardens plan to excavate parts of the Crosshill site where it is believed the first stadium once stood. The dig is funded by Historic Environment Scotland and is planned to take place June 2021.[1]

Architecture and art


Crosshill Avenue sheltered housing

The red brick and red tiled cottages in Crosshill Avenue contrast with the sandstone villas surrounding them. They were designed by the architect Ronald Bradbury and built after 1948. The developent was awarded a Festival of Britain Medal in 1951.[2]

Crosshill Avenue sheltered housing

Victorian architecture

Balmoral Crescent

Balmoral Crescent (Queen's Drive) with a view to Queen's Park, is one of the city's most distinctive examples of Victorian architecture. Designed by Scots architect William McNicol Whyte, around 1886, the curved terrace incorporates a figure at the eastern corner, holding a shield and brandishing a now broken sword. As guardian of Crosshill, she is reminiscent of the Statue of Liberty. There is also a carved portrait of the architect on a west-facing oriel window.[3]

Balmoral Crescent in Crosshill, by William McNicol Whyte
The female statue on tenements overlooking Queen’s Park
Dixon Halls

Dixon Halls was gifted to the burghs by William Smith Dixon of Govan Iron Works. Situated at an angle of 45 degrees to Dixon Avenue and Cathcart Road, the Scottish Baronial building was completed in 1879. The architect was Frank Stirrat, the winner of a competition for its commission. The boundary between the two burghs bisected the building allowing courtrooms and offices for each burgh to have separate access. The building was renamed Dixon Halls when Crosshill and Govanhill were annexed by Glasgow in 1891.

First Hampden Park mural

People travelling on the Cathcart Line railway line pass a commemorative mural on the wall of the Hampden Bowling Club. The mural commemorates Scotland's 5-1 win over England at the site of Glasgow's first Hampden Park. The mural, by Glasgow-based artist Ashley Rawson, can also be viewed from the nearby Cathcart Road.[4]

Kingsley Gardens and Hampden Bowling Club, site of the original Hampden Park

Transport


The area is served by Crosshill railway station, on the Cathcart Circle Lines.

Crosshill station in 2008

Etymology


The name Crosshill was formerly written as Corsehill or Corshill. In earlier maps the area is called Corsehill, which means Gorse hill, so the name is probably a corruption of this earlier name, and does not refer to a cross.

According to Hugh Macintosh's The Origin and History of Glasgow Streets (1902), "Crosshill derives its name from an ancient cross which stood on a height still named the Cross Hill. This monument was about ten feet high and three-and-a-half wide, and bore a sculptured representation of Christ entering Jerusalem riding on an ass. It was removed by some vandals about the end of the eighteenth century."[5] This would suggest that if a corruption of the name "Corse Hill" to "Cross Hill" occurred, it may indeed have resulted from the presence of a cross on the hill.

Government


Crosshill is in the Southside Central ward for Glasgow City Council. Crosshill lies within the Glasgow Southside (Scottish Parliament constituency). The sitting MSP is Nicola Sturgeon. Crosshill is in the Glasgow South (UK Parliament constituency), and the sitting MP is Stewart McDonald. Crosshill is covered by Crosshill and Govanhill Community Council.[6]

Formerly part of the County of Renfrew, Crosshill had a brief existence as an independent police burgh from 1871 until it was absorbed by Glasgow in 1891.[7] Crosshill and Govanhill to its north form a continuous built-up area and due to sharing a common postcode and amenities, as well as a similar design style in some buildings, they are often considered to be the same district (however historically this was not the case). Crosshill also borders Queen's Park and Mount Florida to the south, Strathbungo to the west and Polmadie to the east. The area is home to Holyrood Secondary School and former football stadium Cathkin Park.

Notable natives and residents


  • Hannah Frank (1908 – 2008), artist and sculptor
  • Ashley Rawson, artist and illustrator[8]

References


  1. Project, Scotland. "Archaeological dig to uncover world's first international football stadium". Project Scotland. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  2. Alan Murray, Walsh (20 September 2008). "Crosshill Avenue". Geograph. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  3. Irene, Maver. "Second City of The Empire: 1830s to 1914". The Glasgow Story. The Glasgow Story. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  4. Sean, Murphy (6 October 2020). "The story behind the Hampden Mural". The Daily Record. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  5. Macintosh, Hugh (1902). The Origin and History of Glasgow Streets. Glasgow: James Hedderwick & Sons. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  6. "Crosshill and Govanhill Community Council". Crosshill and Govanhill Community Council. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  7. City of Glasgow Act 1891, (54 & 55 Vict.) c. cxxx, section 4.
  8. "Windows on the east-west divide". Glasgow Evening Times. 20 September 2007. Retrieved 29 May 2021.