Cruella de Vil

Cruella de Vil[lower-alpha 1] is a fictional character in British author Dodie Smith's 1956 novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians. A pampered and glamorous London heiress and fashion designer,[lower-alpha 2] she appears in Walt Disney Productions' 17th animated feature film, 101 Dalmatians (1961), voiced by Betty Lou Gerson; in Disney's 101 Dalmatians II: Patch's London Adventure (2002), voiced by Susanne Blakeslee; in Disney's live-action 101 Dalmatians (1996) and 102 Dalmatians (2000), portrayed by Glenn Close; as well as Cruella (2021), portrayed by Emma Stone; and in many other Disney sequels and spin-offs.

Cruella de Vil
Cruella de Vil as she appears in Disney's One Hundred and One Dalmatians.
First appearanceThe Hundred and One Dalmatians (1956)
Last appearance"101 Dalmatians, 101 Dalmatians (1893), 102 Dalmatians and Cruella"
Created byDodie Smith
Portrayed by
  • Sara Gettelfinger (Musical replacement)
  • Milli Wilkinson (young; Once Upon a Time)
  • Billie Gadsdon (5-year-old; Cruella)
  • Tipper Seifert-Cleveland (12-year-old; Cruella)
Voiced by
In-universe information
Full name
  • Cruella de Vil
  • Cruella Feinberg (Once Upon a Time)
  • Estella von Hellman (birth name, Cruella)
  • Estella Miller (adoptive name, Cruella)
TitleEvil woman
OccupationSocialite, fashion magnate
AffiliationDisney villains
  • Unnamed father (deceased)
  • Malevola De Vil (mother; 101 Dalmatians: The Series)
  • Diego De Vil (nephew; Descendants)
  • Hunter de Vil (great-nephew; 101 Dalmatian Street)
  • Baron and Baroness von Hellman (parents; Cruella)
  • Catherine Miller (adoptive mother; Cruella)
  • Unnamed husband (in novel and in 1996 BBC Audio production)
  • Mr. Feinberg (husband; Once Upon a Time)
ChildrenCarlos de Vil (son; Descendants)

In most of her incarnations, Cruella kidnaps 97 or 99 Dalmatian puppies for their fur. In the live-action Disney film, it is revealed that the reason Cruella chooses to skin puppies is that when short-haired dogs grow older, their fur becomes very coarse, which does not sell as well in the fur fashion industry as the fine, soft fur of puppies.

The character became a pop-culture icon and a famous symbol of greed, vanity and evil. From the unsubtle symbolic name to her sinister physical appearance, Cruella's evil is overt.[1] Disney's Cruella ranked 39th on AFI's list "100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains".[2]

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