Cursive (also known as script, among other names[lower-alpha 1]) is any style of penmanship in which some characters are written joined together in a flowing manner, generally for the purpose of making writing faster, in contrast to block letters. It varies in functionality and modern-day usage across languages and regions; being used both publicly in artistic and formal documents as well as in private communication. Formal cursive is generally joined, but casual cursive is a combination of joins and pen lifts. The writing style can be further divided as "looped", "italic" or "connected".

Example of classic American business cursive handwriting known as Spencerian script, from 1884

The cursive method is used with many alphabets due to infrequent pen lifting and beliefs that it increases writing speed. In some alphabets, many or all letters in a word are connected, sometimes making a word one single complex stroke.

A study in 2013 discovered that speed of writing cursive is the same as print, regardless of which handwriting the child had learnt first.[1]