Cycling at the Summer Olympics


Cycling has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics, at which a road race and five track events were held. Mountain bike racing entered the Olympic programme at the Atlanta Olympics, followed by BMX racing in 2008 and freestyle BMX in 2020. Prior to the upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics (which was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic),[1] all events were speed races, but the 2020 programme will feature BMX freestyle for the first time.

Cycling at the Summer Olympics
Governing bodyUCI
Events22 (men: 11; women: 11)
Games

Women's road events were introduced to the Olympic programme at the 1984 Summer Olympics. Women's track events were added in 1988, and both types of events have been featured since then.

The 2012 Summer Olympics were the first at which men and women competed in the same number of events in all cycling disciplines, including track cycling, which previously had more men's and fewer women's events than the 2012 programme.[2] However, women have shorter distances for some events.

Summary


Games Year Events Best Nation
118966 France
219003 France
319047 United States
419086 Great Britain
519122 Sweden
6
719206 Great Britain
819246 France
919286 Denmark
1019326 Italy
1119366 France
12
13
1419486 France
1519526 Italy
1619566 Italy
1719606 Italy
1819647 Italy
1919687 France
2019727 Soviet Union
Games Year Events Best Nation
2119766 West Germany
2219806 Soviet Union
2319848 United States
2419889 Soviet Union
25199210 Germany
26199614 France
27200018 France
28200418 Australia
29200818 Great Britain
30201218 Great Britain
31201618 Great Britain
32202022

Events


Track cycling, men

Current programme
Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Keirin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X 6
Madison - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X - - X 4
Omnium - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Pursuit, team - - - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
Sprint, individual (details) X X - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 27
Sprint, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X 6
Past events
Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
14 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
13 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
12 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
1 mile - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
2 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
5 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
25 miles - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
660 yards - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ,- 1
5 kilometres - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
10 kilometres X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ,- 1
20 kilometres - - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
25 kilometres - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
50 kilometres - - - - - X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
100 kilometres X - - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
12 hours X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Points race (details) - X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X - - - 7
Pursuit, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - 12
Tandem - - - X - X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - 13
1 km time trial (details) X[lower-alpha 1] - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X - - - - 19
Total52770444444444555445555887556
  1. The 1896 time trial was the only time the event was held over one-third of a kilometre rather than one kilometre

Track cycling, women

Current program
Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Keirin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Madison - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Omnium - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Pursuit, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Sprint, individual (details) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X 9
Sprint, team - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X 3
Past events
Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Points race (details) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X - - - 4
Pursuit, individual - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X - - - 5
500 m time trial (details) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X - - - - 2
Total00000000000000000000123443556

Road cycling, men

Current program
Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Road race, individual (details) X - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 21
Time trial, individual (details) - - - - X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X 12
Past events
Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Road race, team (details) - - - - - - - - - X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4
Time trial, team - - - - X X X X X - - - - X X X X X X X X X - - - - - - - 14
Total10002222222222222222222222222

Road cycling, women

Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Road race (details) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X X X 10
Time trial (details) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X 7
Total00000000000000000001112222222

Mountain bike, men

Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Cross country - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X 7
Total00000000000000000000001111111

Mountain bike, women

Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Cross country - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X 7
Total00000000000000000000001111111

BMX, men

Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Racing - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X 4
Freestyle - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Total00000000000000000000000001112

BMX, women

Event9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
Racing - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X 4
Freestyle - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X 1
Total00000000000000000000000001112

Medal table


As of the 2016 Summer Olympics
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 France (FRA)41272391
2 Italy (ITA)33161059
3 Great Britain (GBR)32302587
4 Netherlands (NED)18191249
5 United States (USA)16211855
6 Australia (AUS)14191851
7 Germany (GER)14141644
8 Soviet Union (URS)114924
9 Denmark (DEN)791026
10 Belgium (BEL)781126
11 East Germany (GDR)66416
12 Switzerland (SUI)58619
13 Russia (RUS)551121
14 Spain (ESP)55515
15 Sweden (SWE)45817
16 West Germany (FRG)45514
17 Czechoslovakia (TCH)2226
18 Colombia (COL)2136
19 Norway (NOR)2024
20 Latvia (LAT)2013
21 Canada (CAN)15814
22 South Africa (RSA)1438
23 United Team of Germany (EUA)1427
24 New Zealand (NZL)1348
25 China (CHN)1337
26 Greece (GRE)1304
27 Czech Republic (CZE)1102
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)1102
29 Austria (AUT)1023
30 Argentina (ARG)1001
 Estonia (EST)1001
32 Poland (POL)07411
33 Japan (JPN)0134
34 Ukraine (UKR)0123
35 Mexico (MEX)0112
36 Cuba (CUB)0101
 Portugal (POR)0101
 Uruguay (URU)0101
39 Belarus (BLR)0011
 Hong Kong (HKG)0011
 Jamaica (JAM)0011
 Lithuania (LTU)0011
 Malaysia (MAS)0011
 Venezuela (VEN)0011
Totals (44 nations)241241237719

Medalists


Cyclists who have won 6 or more Olympic medals.

As of the 2016 Summer Olympics
#CyclistCountryGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Bradley Wiggins Great Britain (GBR)5128
2Chris Hoy Great Britain (GBR)6107
2Jason Kenny Great Britain (GBR)6107
4Leontien Van Moorsel Netherlands (NED)4116
5Burton Downing United States (USA)2316
6Anna Meares Australia (AUS)2136

Nations


Nation9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620Years
 Albania (ALB)11
 Algeria (ALG)21123
 Andorra (AND)232
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)232315
 Argentina (ARG)561268109848781084104618
 Armenia (ARM)11
 Aruba (ARU)212
 Australia (AUS)242136611914910121012171621272428273123
 Austria (AUT)162108448566975991065420
 Azerbaijan (AZE)132
 Bahamas (BAH)21
 Bahrain (BRN)41
 Barbados (BAR)43212117
 Belarus (BLR)765845
 Belgium (BEL)161159881211713101514712867913911161425
 Belize (BIZ)265515
 Benin (BEN)21
 Bermuda (BER)312
 Bohemia (BOH)152
 Bolivia (BOL)1111116
 Brazil (BRA)31126787846591014
 British West Indies (BWI)11
 Bulgaria (BUL)7105514661322113
 Cambodia (CAM)61
 Cameroon (CMR)44654
 Canada (CAN)52516766232691113111515151215151923
 Cayman Islands (CAY)66614
 Central African Republic (CAF)41
 Chile (CHI)435444227152353216
 China (CHN)7965361212149
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)45123112111212
 Colombia (COL)878101011778129813171515
 Costa Rica (CRC)511122228
 Croatia (CRO)3223
 Cuba (CUB)16663414434312
 Czech Republic (CZE)68131210126
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)484466698151111131214
 Cyprus (CYP)11114
 Denmark (DEN)8665611111328121313111113911129815101324
 Dominican Republic (DOM)11
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD)5433
 East Germany (GDR)10111113175
 Ecuador (ECU)441231228
 Egypt (EGY)3413
 El Salvador (ESA)5111216
 Eritrea (ERI)112
 Estonia (EST)37564227
 Ethiopia (ETH)454558518
 Fiji (FIJ)11
 Finland (FIN)5412511144615542522119
 France (FRA)258231213118881110111414141514917161820262128232227
 Georgia (GEO)11
 Germany (GER)539111041251718252220222915
 Great Britain (GBR)21362613121271110121212121411111216171619222225252627
 Greece (GRE)91312134544312
 Guam (GUM)62114
 Guatemala (GUA)5415612119
 Guyana (GUY)11123217
 Hong Kong (HKG)444512145510
 Hungary (HUN)5418657741101411253119
 Indonesia (INA)11
 Iran (IRI)447772433310
 Iraq (IRQ)212
 India (IND)9553
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA)51
 Indonesia (INA)4213
 Ireland (IRL)25342355555444315
 Israel (ISR)222
 Italy (ITA)714121012101112111214141615141021181821181315131926
 Jamaica (JAM)163253318
 Japan (JPN)415151359121281011149916
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)7783236
 Kenya (KEN)11
 Kosovo (KOS)11
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)1113
 Laos (LAO)11
 Latvia (LAT)454579255410
 Lebanon (LIB)1121226
 Lesotho (LES)11
 Libya (LBA)72114
 Liechtenstein (LIE)1211326
 Lithuania (LTU)24513898449
 Luxembourg (LUX)154444162122332316
 Madagascar (MAD)11
 Malawi (MAW)2443
 Malaysia (MAS)9241121134211
 Malta (MLT)3443
 Mauritius (MRI)1113
 Mexico (MEX)3544109126685592222418
 Moldova (MDA)52114
 Monaco (MON)11
 Mongolia (MGL)45414
 Morocco (MAR)44344
 Namibia (NAM)112235
 Netherlands (NED)5101011211961312101112716131716182426242623
 Nicaragua (NCA)412
 North Korea (PRK)31
 Norway (NOR)64424316781059610886719
 New Zealand (NZL)11126155847131417171616211919
 Oman (OMA)11
 Pakistan (PAK)224245
 Peru (PER)4315116
 Philippines (PHI)43143217
 Poland (POL)811458101211111198101611121717
 Portugal (POR)46442467
 Puerto Rico (PUR)11114
 Republic of China (ROC)112
 Romania (ROU)5651121119
 Russia (RUS)1819202217166
 Russian Empire (RU1)101
 Rwanda (RWA)3123
 Samoa (SAM)11
 San Marino (SMR)42112117
 Saudi Arabia (KSA)632
 Serbia (SRB)2223
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)11
 Sierra Leone (SLE)11
 Slovakia (SVK)10794226
 Slovenia (SLO)11646677
 South Africa (RSA)4151123565564489717
 South Korea (KOR)23246210154935410815
 Soviet Union (URS)1012131215151213189
 Spain (ESP)1967844131418222218161215
 Sri Lanka (SRI)11
 Suriname (SUR)112
 Sweden (SWE)21244445484446566118975985425
 Switzerland (SUI)991111101454106101291313161614111520
 Syria (SYR)11
 Thailand (THA)87761127
 East Timor (TLS)11
 Togo (TOG)322
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)11376212211112
 Tunisia (TUN)4113
 Turkey (TUR)444611328
 Uganda (UGA)21
 Ukraine (UKR)121416161076
 Unified Team (EUN)191
 United Team of Germany (EUA)1014133
 United Arab Emirates (UAE)64114
 United States (USA)117299541269910141615151320192023261824242126
 Uruguay (URU)975585551323221116
 Uzbekistan (UZB)11124
 Venezuela (VEN)144565244653412915
 Vietnam (VIE)466215
 Virgin Islands (ISV)112
 West Germany (FRG)14171220155
 Yugoslavia (YUG)44441545246612
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)32114
No. of nations57211161424271330333630484052544934546276685561667480
No. of cyclists1972189712310313914966175188215161297303329359295230359422451477462464508501523
Year9600040812202428323648525660646872768084889296000408121620

See also


References


  1. "Joint Statement from the International Olympic Committee and the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  2. McQuaid, Pat (February 2012). "The equal opportunities: How to make it happen". UCI. Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 2012-04-16.