Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai Naoroji, (4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917) also known as the "Grand Old Man of India" and "Unofficial Ambassador of India", was an Indian political leader, merchant, scholar and writer who was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895 and the first Asian to be a British MP[1][2] other than the Anglo-Indian MP David Ochterlony Dyce Sombre, who was disenfranchised for corruption after nine months in office. Naoroji is renowned for his work in the Indian National Congress, of which he was one of the founding members and thrice the elected president in - 1886, 1893, 1906.[3]


Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai Naoroji c. 1889
Member of Parliament for Finsbury Central
In office
1892–1895
Preceded byFrederick Thomas Penton
Succeeded byWilliam Frederick Barton Massey-Mainwaring
Majority5
2nd & 9th President of Indian National Congress
In office
1886–1887
Preceded byWomesh Chunder Bonnerjee
Succeeded byBadruddin Tyabji
In office
1893–1894
Preceded byWomesh Chunder Bonnerjee
Succeeded byAlfred Webb
Personal details
Born
Dadabhai Naoroji Dordi

(1825-09-04)4 September 1825
Navsari, Bombay Presidency, British India
Died(1917-06-30)30 June 1917 (aged 92)
Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India
NationalityBritish Indian Subject
Political partyLiberal
Other political
affiliations
Co-founder of Indian National Congress
Spouse(s)Gulbaai
ResidenceBoston, England, United Kingdom[citation needed]
Alma materUniversity of Mumbai
Occupation
  • Politician
  • Merchant
  • Scholar
  • Writer
Signature

His book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India[2] brought attention to his theory of the Indian "wealth drain" into Britain. He was also a member of the Second International along with Kautsky and Plekhanov. In 2014, Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg inaugurated the Dadabhai Naoroji Awards for services to UK-India relations.[4] India Post depicted Naoroji on stamps in 1963, 1997 and 2017.[5][6]